Chirodactylus grandis, Bank steenbras : fisheries, gamefish

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Chirodactylus grandis (Günther, 1860)

Bank steenbras
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Chirodactylus grandis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chirodactylus grandis (Bank steenbras)
Chirodactylus grandis
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Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Latridae (Trumpeters)
Etymology: Chirodactylus: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री ड़िमरसल; गहराई सीमा - 150 m (Ref. 9492), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C - ; 23°S - 36°S

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: Walvis Bay, Namibia to possibly Natal, South Africa. Natal records are likely to be Chirodactylus jessicalorum.

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 9492); common length : 80.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 9492)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 17 - 18; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 22-24; गुदा कांटा 3; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 8

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

The largest species of the family (Ref. 5319). Primarily an offshore species that prefers rocky or muddy banks. Feeds during the day on small, bottom-dwelling invertebrates. Occasionally also on squid and small fish. Also caught by artisanal and game fisheries (Ref. 9492).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Smith, M.M., 1986. Cheilodactylidae. p. 667-668. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5319)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: लघु वाणिज्य; आखेट मत्स्य: हां
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

अधिक जानकारी

आम नाम
उपशब्द
चपायचय
परभक्षी
ईकोटोकसीकोलौजी
पुनरुत्पत्ति
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
अंडे
Egg development
Age/Size
बाढ़
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
मौरफोमैटरिक्स
आकृति विज्ञान
लार्वा
लारवल गतिकी
भर्ती
बहुतायत
BRUVS
संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Nutrients
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

Special reports

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: वर्ग, प्रजाति | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, खोज | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.4 - 23.9, mean 18.1 °C (based on 40 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00692 - 0.04567), b=2.99 (2.77 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  बहुत नीचे, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी समय अवलागत 14 महीने। (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (84 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.