Diplectrum formosum, Sand perch : fisheries, gamefish

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Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus, 1766)

Sand perch
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Diplectrum formosum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Diplectrum formosum (Sand perch)
Diplectrum formosum
Picture by Johnson, L.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Diplectrum: Greek, di = two + Greek, plektron = sting, spur (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 1 - 80 m (Ref. 5217).   Subtropical; 42°N - 35°S, 98°W - 28°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA, the northern Gulf of Mexico and the Bahamas southward to Uruguay. Occurrence in western Caribbean is doubtful (Ref. 26938).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 12.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 7251); common length : 16.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5217)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 10; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 12; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 7 - 8. Body pale brown dorsally with several vertical dark brown bars, becoming white ventrally; dorsal fin dusky with longitudinal yellow lines; pectoral, pelvic and anal fins dusky; caudal fin dusky with small yellow blotches (Ref. 13608). Preopercle has spines radiating from 2 centers (Ref. 26938).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits bays, coastal grassy areas and shallow banks. Solitary (Ref. 26340) and retreats into shelter when frightened (Ref. 9710). Neither opercular spine nor anterolateral glandular grooves with venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Synchronously hermaphroditic. Popular as a pan fish despite its small size.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Simultaenous hermaphrodite. The gonad contains ovarian and testicular tissue separated by a thin basement membrane, with no means of internal self-fertilization.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Partner

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless (Ref. 57406)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.9 - 28, mean 25.2 (based on 542 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00737 - 0.01128), b=3.10 (3.05 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (K=0.29-1.5; tm=1.01).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.