Scomber scombrus, Atlantic mackerel : fisheries, gamefish

Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic mackerel
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Scomber scombrus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomber scombrus (Atlantic mackerel)
Scomber scombrus
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomber: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; estuarina; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 54254), usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54254).   Temperate; 75°N - 30°N, 77°W - 42°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

North Atlantic: including the Mediterranean.

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 28.7, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 35388); common length : 30.0 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 168); peso máx. publicado: 3.4 kg (Ref. 9988); idade máx. registrada: 17 anos (Ref. 207)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 8 - 14; Raios dorsais (total): 113; Espinhos anais 1; Raios anais : 12 - 13; Vértebras: 31. This species has the following characters: no well developed corselet; interpelvic process small and single; anal fin spine conspicuous, joined to the fin by a membrane but clearly independent of it; anal fin origin opposite that of second dorsal fin; no swim bladder; first haemal spine anterior to first interneural process; 21-28 interneural bones under first dorsal fin; markings on back oblique to near vertical, with relatively little undulating; belly unmarked (Ref. 168).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Abundant in cold and temperate shelf areas, forms large schools near the surface. They overwinter in deeper waters but move closer to shore in spring when water temperatures range between 11° and 14°C. Mainly diurnal, it feeds on zooplankton and small fish. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). The species is traded fresh, frozen, smoked and canned. Eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Two stocks in north-east Atlantic: North Sea (east) and British Isles (west). North Sea stock decreased dramatically in the 1960's because of direct overfishing. Recruitment has been poor and unstable. After spawning, the adult feed very actively moving around in small shoals (Ref. 35388).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Collette, Bruce B. | Colaboradores

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 120744)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: altamente comercial; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO(pescarias: produção, perfil da espécie; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 17.5, mean 10.2 (based on 2460 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00581 - 0.00718), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.1 (2.6 - 4.2) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 18 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (rm=0.33-0.56; K=0.23-0.27; tm=2-3; tmax=17; Fec=200,000).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.75, Based on 10 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Medium.