Scomber scombrus, Atlantic mackerel : fisheries, gamefish

You can sponsor this page

Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic mackerel
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scomber scombrus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image
Image of Scomber scombrus (Atlantic mackerel)
Scomber scombrus
Picture by Svensen, E.

Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ακτινοπτερύγιοι > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomber: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά); Υφάλμυρο; ωκεανόδρομο(ς) (Ref. 51243); εύρος βάθους 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 54254), usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54254).   Temperate; 75°N - 30°N, 77°W - 42°E

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

North Atlantic: including the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm 28.7, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 35388); common length : 30.0 cm FL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 168); μεγ. δημοσιευμένο βάρος: 3.4 kg (Ref. 9988); μεγ. αναφερόμενη ηλικία: 17 έτη (Ref. 207)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά): 8 - 14; Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 113; Εδρικές άκανθες 1; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 12 - 13; Σπόνδυλοι: 31. This species has the following characters: no well developed corselet; interpelvic process small and single; anal fin spine conspicuous, joined to the fin by a membrane but clearly independent of it; anal fin origin opposite that of second dorsal fin; no swim bladder; first haemal spine anterior to first interneural process; 21-28 interneural bones under first dorsal fin; markings on back oblique to near vertical, with relatively little undulating; belly unmarked (Ref. 168).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Abundant in cold and temperate shelf areas, forms large schools near the surface. They overwinter in deeper waters but move closer to shore in spring when water temperatures range between 11° and 14°C. Mainly diurnal, it feeds on zooplankton and small fish. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). The species is traded fresh, frozen, smoked and canned. Eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Two stocks in north-east Atlantic: North Sea (east) and British Isles (west). North Sea stock decreased dramatically in the 1960's because of direct overfishing. Recruitment has been poor and unstable. After spawning, the adult feed very actively moving around in small shoals (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής : Collette, Bruce B. | Συνεργάτες

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

αλιεία: πολύ εμπορικό; αλιεία αναψυχής: ναί

Εργαλεία

Special reports

Download XML

Διαδικτυακές πηγές

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 17.5, mean 10.2 (based on 2460 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00581 - 0.00718), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.1 (2.6 - 4.2) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 18 growth studies.
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 120179):  Μεσαίο(α), ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού 1,4 - 4,4 έτη (rm=0.33-0.56; K=0.23-0.27; tm=2-3; tmax=17; Fec=200,000).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.75, Based on 10 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.