Scomber scombrus, Atlantic mackerel : fisheries, gamefish

Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scomber scombrus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomber scombrus (Atlantic mackerel)
Scomber scombrus
Picture by Svensen, E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomber: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 54254), usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54254).   Temperate; 75°N - 30°N, 77°W - 42°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North Atlantic: including the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 28.7, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 35388); common length : 30.0 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 168); max. veröff. Gewicht: 3.4 kg (Ref. 9988); max. veröff. Alter: 17 Jahre (Ref. 207)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 8 - 14; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 113; Afterflossenstacheln 1; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 12 - 13; Wirbelzahl: 31. This species has the following characters: no well developed corselet; interpelvic process small and single; anal fin spine conspicuous, joined to the fin by a membrane but clearly independent of it; anal fin origin opposite that of second dorsal fin; no swim bladder; first haemal spine anterior to first interneural process; 21-28 interneural bones under first dorsal fin; markings on back oblique to near vertical, with relatively little undulating; belly unmarked (Ref. 168).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Abundant in cold and temperate shelf areas, forms large schools near the surface. They overwinter in deeper waters but move closer to shore in spring when water temperatures range between 11° and 14°C. Mainly diurnal, it feeds on zooplankton and small fish. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). The species is traded fresh, frozen, smoked and canned. Eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Two stocks in north-east Atlantic: North Sea (east) and British Isles (west). North Sea stock decreased dramatically in the 1960's because of direct overfishing. Recruitment has been poor and unstable. After spawning, the adult feed very actively moving around in small shoals (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Partner

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: hoch kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Fischereien: production, Artbeschreibung; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 17.5, mean 10.2 (based on 2460 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00581 - 0.00718), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.1 (2.6 - 4.2) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 18 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (rm=0.33-0.56; K=0.23-0.27; tm=2-3; tmax=17; Fec=200,000).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.75, Based on 10 stock assessments.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.