Bairdiella ronchus, Ground croaker : fisheries

Bairdiella ronchus (Cuvier, 1830)

Ground croaker
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Bairdiella ronchus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bairdiella ronchus (Ground croaker)
Bairdiella ronchus
Picture by Krumme, U.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers) 石首魚科 (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Bairdiella: From Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887) American naturalist and vertebrate zoologist leading authority in birds and mammals (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 16 - 40 m (Ref. 3702). 熱帶; 23°N - 29°S, 97°W - 34°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea southward to Brazil.
西大西洋: 加勒比海向南至巴西。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 15.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3702); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3702)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 21-26; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 7 - 9. Colour greyish above, silvery below. Faint dark streaks on sides, oblique above, longitudinal below lateral line. Dorsal and caudal fins greyish with dark margin, anterior part of anal fin speckled. Mouth subterminal and oblique. Chin without barbel but with 5 pores. Preopercle serrated with few strong pines at angle. Second anal-fin spine very strong, as long as first soft ray. Gas bladder with 2 chambers, the anterior one yoke-shaped without appendages, the posterior one simple, carrot-shaped. Lapillus (small earstone) enlarged, more than half of sagitta (large earstone) (Ref 51721).
颜色略灰色的上方, 下面银色的。 在侧边上的模糊的深色条纹, 斜角之上, 纵向的在侧线下。 背鳍与尾鳍鳍略灰色的具有深色边,臀鳍的前部小的斑点。 嘴接近端位的且斜。 没有触须的下巴但是有 5个孔。 锯齿状的前鳃盖骨有些强的松树在突出部位上。 第二臀鳍-鳍的棘非常强的, 长达第一个软的鳍条。 气鳔有两个腔室, 一个前面的轭-形状的没有附肢,后面那个单一的, 胡萝卜-形状的。 微石 (小的 earstone) 增大了, 超过一半的矢耳石 (大的 earstone)(参考文献 51721).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters, over muddy and sandy bottoms. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Important food fish.

发现于沿岸水域了, 在泥泞多沙的底部之上。 捕食鱼类与甲壳动物。 卵生的.(参考文献 205) 重要的食用鱼。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西大西洋: 加勒比海向南至巴西。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Chao, L.N., 1978. Sciaenidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3702)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 28, mean 27.4 °C (based on 72 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00705 - 0.01076), b=3.11 (3.05 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Fec = 188,964).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 216 [115, 390] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.17 [0.70, 2.19] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.8, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.483 [0.238, 0.973] g/100g ; Selenium = 68.3 [32.9, 143.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.8 [6.8, 53.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.99, 2.31] mg/100g (wet weight);