Bairdiella ronchus, Ground croaker : fisheries

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Bairdiella ronchus (Cuvier, 1830)

Ground croaker
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bairdiella ronchus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bairdiella ronchus (Ground croaker)
Bairdiella ronchus
Picture by Krumme, U.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Bairdiella: From Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887) American naturalist and vertebrate zoologist leading authority in birds and mammals (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser demersal; tiefenbereich 16 - 40 m (Ref. 3702). Tropical; 23°N - 29°S, 97°W - 34°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea southward to Brazil.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 15.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3702); common length : 25.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3702)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 11; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 21-26; Afterflossenstacheln 2; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 7 - 9. Colour greyish above, silvery below. Faint dark streaks on sides, oblique above, longitudinal below lateral line. Dorsal and caudal fins greyish with dark margin, anterior part of anal fin speckled. Mouth subterminal and oblique. Chin without barbel but with 5 pores. Preopercle serrated with few strong pines at angle. Second anal-fin spine very strong, as long as first soft ray. Gas bladder with 2 chambers, the anterior one yoke-shaped without appendages, the posterior one simple, carrot-shaped. Lapillus (small earstone) enlarged, more than half of sagitta (large earstone) (Ref 51721).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters, over muddy and sandy bottoms. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Important food fish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Chao, L.N., 1978. Sciaenidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3702)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 28, mean 27.4 °C (based on 72 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00705 - 0.01076), b=3.11 (3.05 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Fec = 188,964).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 216 [115, 390] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.17 [0.70, 2.19] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.8, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.483 [0.238, 0.973] g/100g ; Selenium = 68.3 [32.9, 143.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.8 [6.8, 53.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.99, 2.31] mg/100g (wet weight);