Bairdiella ronchus, Ground croaker : fisheries

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Bairdiella ronchus (Cuvier, 1830)

Ground croaker
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bairdiella ronchus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bairdiella ronchus (Ground croaker)
Bairdiella ronchus
Picture by Krumme, U.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Bairdiella: From Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887) American naturalist and vertebrate zoologist leading authority in birds and mammals (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater demersaal; diepteverspreiding 16 - 40 m (Ref. 3702). Tropical; 23°N - 29°S, 97°W - 34°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea southward to Brazil.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 15.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 3702); common length : 25.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 3702)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 11; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 21-26; Anale stekels 2; Anale zachte stralen: 7 - 9. Colour greyish above, silvery below. Faint dark streaks on sides, oblique above, longitudinal below lateral line. Dorsal and caudal fins greyish with dark margin, anterior part of anal fin speckled. Mouth subterminal and oblique. Chin without barbel but with 5 pores. Preopercle serrated with few strong pines at angle. Second anal-fin spine very strong, as long as first soft ray. Gas bladder with 2 chambers, the anterior one yoke-shaped without appendages, the posterior one simple, carrot-shaped. Lapillus (small earstone) enlarged, more than half of sagitta (large earstone) (Ref 51721).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters, over muddy and sandy bottoms. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Important food fish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Chao, L.N., 1978. Sciaenidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3702)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 28, mean 27.4 °C (based on 72 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00705 - 0.01076), b=3.11 (3.05 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Fec = 188,964).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 216 [115, 390] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.17 [0.70, 2.19] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.8, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.483 [0.238, 0.973] g/100g ; Selenium = 68.3 [32.9, 143.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.8 [6.8, 53.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.99, 2.31] mg/100g (wet weight);