Scarus iseri, Striped parrotfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Scarus iseri (Bloch, 1789)

Striped parrotfish
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Scarus iseri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scarus iseri (Striped parrotfish)
Scarus iseri
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) 鸚哥魚科 (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 3 - 25 m (Ref. 9710).   亞熱帶的; 33°N - 26°S, 98°W - 31°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), Bahamas, and northeastern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America; throughout the Caribbean (Ref. 3802, 13628). Range probably extends to Brazil (Ref. 13628).
西大西洋: 百慕達群島,佛羅里達 (美國) ,巴哈馬與墨西哥灣東北方到南美洲北部; 在加勒比海各處.(參考文獻 3802,13628) 可能排列延伸到巴西.(參考文獻 13628)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 16 - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9710); common length : 18.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3802)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 10; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9. White stripe above upper dark stripe ends at gill opening; upper and lower caudal margins pale (Ref. 26938). Terminal phase males are blue-green and orange, chest and head pink below a green band at lower edge of eye; median fins with blue borders, the broad central parts orange with linear blue markings (Ref. 13442).
在上面的黑斑纹上面的白色斑纹结束于鳃裂; 上、下尾部的边缘灰白的.(参考文献 26938) 最后阶段雄性是蓝绿色而橘色的, 胸与头部粉红色在一条绿色的条纹之下在眼的下缘; 中央的鳍有蓝色的边缘, 宽的中央部份橘色的有线状的蓝色斑纹.(参考文献 13442)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found over shallow, clear waters, generally over Thalassia beds (Ref. 13628). Also found rocky or coral areas (Ref. 13628). A schooling species. Feeds on plants. A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367). Super males spawn individually with striped females, while sexually mature males in the striped phase spawn in aggregation.

发现在浅且清澈水域上了, 通常在泰来草床之上。 (参考文献 13628) 也发现岩石礁或珊瑚礁区。 (参考文献 13628) 一个群游性鱼种。 吃植物。 一个雌性先熟的雌雄同体.(参考文献 55367) 超级雄性个别地和有斑纹的雌性产卵而在条纹期的性成熟的雄鱼产卵于群集中。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Diandric. Length at sex change = 9.6 cm TL (Ref. 55367). Forms harem groups composed of a single male and several smaller females (Ref. 55367).西大西洋: 百慕達群島,佛羅里達 (美國) ,巴哈馬與墨西哥灣東北方到南美洲北部; 在加勒比海各處.(參考文獻 3802,13628) 可能排列延伸到巴西.(參考文獻 13628)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin, 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Ref. 5521)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 30911)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.3 - 28.2, mean 27.4 °C (based on 645 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00719 - 0.01751), b=3.01 (2.88 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 0.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 37 [20, 69] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.47 [0.83, 2.81] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [17.5, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.14 [0.08, 0.24] g/100g ; Selenium = 10.3 [5.2, 18.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.6 [2.5, 45.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.88 [1.24, 2.83] mg/100g (wet weight);