Sarda sarda, Atlantic bonito : fisheries, gamefish

Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793)

Atlantic bonito
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Sarda sarda
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 80 - 200 m (Ref. 5377). Subtropical; 12°C - 27°C (Ref. 168); 62°N - 40°S, 98°W - 42°E (Ref. 54865)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway to Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico; then from Colombia, Venezuela, and south of the Amazon River to northern Argentina; apparently absent from most of the Caribbean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 37.0, range 41 - ? cm
Max length : 91.4 cm FL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 168); common length : 50.0 cm FL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 168); publicerad maxvikt: 11.0 kg (Ref. 40637); rapporterad maxålder: 5 år (Ref. 29114)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 20 - 23; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 15-18; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 14 - 17; Ryggkotor: 50 - 55. Mouth moderately large. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21-39. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large. Liver with elongate left and right lobe and short middle lobe. Oblique dorsal stripes with a greater angle than in other species of Sarda.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Epipelagic, neritic and schooling species that may enter estuaries. Known to be cannibalistic, adults prey on small schooling fishes, invertebrates like squid and shrimps and can swallow relatively large prey. Eggs and larvae pelagic (Ref. 6769). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen (Ref. 9987). Able to adapt to different temperatures 12° to 27°C and salinities 14 to 39 (Ref. 36731).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Medarbetare

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiellt viktig; sportfisk: ja
FAO - fiskeri: landings, species profile; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
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Födoslag
Födointag
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
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Nutrients
Mass conversion
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Ljud
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Hastighet
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Otoliths
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Syn

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 23.4, mean 10.7 °C (based on 346 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00765 - 0.00992), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.5 (1.4 - 3.1) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.13-0.24; tm=1; tmax=5).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 9 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 59.4 [30.6, 128.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.96 [2.20, 7.39] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.7, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.866 [0.319, 2.304] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.6 [16.2, 63.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [3.1, 45.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.711 [0.482, 1.121] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.