Sarda sarda, Atlantic bonito : fisheries, gamefish

Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793)

Atlantic bonito
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sarda sarda   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sarda sarda (Atlantic bonito)
Sarda sarda
Picture by Wirtz, P.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau; oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 80 - 200 m (Ref. 5377). Subtropical; 12°C - 27°C (Ref. 168); 62°N - 40°S, 98°W - 42°E (Ref. 54865)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway to Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico; then from Colombia, Venezuela, and south of the Amazon River to northern Argentina; apparently absent from most of the Caribbean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 37.0, range 41 - ? cm
Max length : 91.4 cm FL jantan/; (Ref. 168); common length : 50.0 cm FL jantan/; (Ref. 168); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 11.0 kg (Ref. 40637); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 5 Tahun (Ref. 29114)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 20 - 23; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 15-18; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 14 - 17; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 50 - 55. Mouth moderately large. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21-39. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large. Liver with elongate left and right lobe and short middle lobe. Oblique dorsal stripes with a greater angle than in other species of Sarda.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Epipelagic, neritic and schooling species that may enter estuaries. Known to be cannibalistic, adults prey on small schooling fishes, invertebrates like squid and shrimps and can swallow relatively large prey. Eggs and larvae pelagic (Ref. 6769). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen (Ref. 9987). Able to adapt to different temperatures 12° to 27°C and salinities 14 to 39 (Ref. 36731).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | mitra

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 125652)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: bernilai komersial tinggi; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO - Perikanan: landings, profail spesis; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 23.4, mean 10.7 °C (based on 346 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00765 - 0.00992), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.5 (1.4 - 3.1) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.13-0.24; tm=1; tmax=5).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 9 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 59.4 [30.6, 128.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.96 [2.20, 7.39] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.7, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.866 [0.319, 2.304] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.6 [16.2, 63.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [3.1, 45.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.711 [0.482, 1.121] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.