Distichodus atroventralis : fisheries

Distichodus atroventralis Boulenger 1898

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Distichodus atroventralis
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> Characiformes (Characins) > Distichodontidae (Distichodus)
Etymology: Distichodus: Greek, di = two + Greek, stix, stichos = line, row (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater pelagisch.   Tropical

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Africa: widespread throughout Lower and Central Congo River basin in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Central African Republic and Angola (Ref. 96324, 122092), including Ubangui, Sangha and lower Kasai River systems (Ref. 122092). It has only been found in one locality in the Upper Congo, at Kabalo on the Lualaba River (Ref. 51906, 122092).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.7 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 122092)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 22-24; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 13 - 14. Diagnosis: Distichodus atroventralis is distinguished from D. affinis, D. altus, D. decemmaculatus, D. noboli, D. notospilus and D. teugelsi by the higher number of lateral line scales, 61-71 vs. 37-46; from D. antonii by the inferior mouth vs. terminal, and a lower number of dark vertical bars, 6-9 vs. 9-14; from D. fasciolatus by the higher number of pelvic-fin rays, 11, exceptionally 10, vs. 10, exceptionally 11, the lower number of dark vertical bars, at least in specimens smaller than about 150 mm standard length, 6-9 vs. 13-20, and the blackish pelvic fin, at least in specimens smaller than about 200 mm standard length vs. whitish-yellow; from D. langi by fewer dorsal-fin rays, 22-24 vs. 26-28, a lower number of pectoral-fin rays, 17-20 vs. 21, a shallower head, 35-53% of head length vs. 67-69, and fewer dark vertical bars, 6-8 vs. 13; from D. lusosso by the inferior mouth vs. terminal, and the short snout vs. elongated; from D. maculatus by the absence of dark blotches all over the body vs. dark blotches all over the body; and from D. sexfasciatus by the higher number of teeth in the outer row of the upper and lower jaw, 18-36 and 20-34 vs. 12-14 on both jaws, and the greenish to light brown and yellowish body colouration vs. orange-reddish (Ref. 122092). It is distinguished from its most similar congener, D. kasaiensis, by having fewer dorsal-fin rays, 22-24 vs. 27-29, more teeth in the upper jaw, 18-36 vs. 15-25 (overlap due to positive allometry), and by having a shorter dorsal-fin base, 20.1-28.8% of standard length vs. 24.9-33.7% (overlap due to positive allometry); and from D. ingae by having fewer dorsal-fin rays, 22-24 vs. 26, and shorter dorsal fin, 12.0-21.9% of standard length vs. 23.6-24.2%, anal fin, 9.9-15.7% of standard length vs. 16.9-17.5%, and pectoral fin, 14.2-20.5% of standard length vs. 21.6-22.7% (Ref. 122092).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Moelants, T., J. Snoeks and E. Vreven, 2018. Distichodus kasaiensis and D. ingae, two new distichodontid species (Characiformes: Distichodontidae) from the Congo basin. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 28(2):177-192. (Ref. 122092)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00549 - 0.02888), b=3.01 (2.81 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.