Pomacanthus paru, French angelfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Pomacanthus paru (Bloch, 1787)

French angelfish
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Pomacanthus paru   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae (Angelfishes)
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; морской ассоциированный с рифами; немигрирующий; пределы глубины 3 - 100 m (Ref. 7379).   Subtropical; 30°N - 29°S, 98°W - 14°W

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Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bahamas to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: off Ascension Island (Ref. 7379) and St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).

Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.1 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 9626); common length : 28.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 3797)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 10; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 29-31; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 22 - 24. Black, the scales of the body , except those at front from nape to abdomen, rimmed with golden yellow; a broad orange-yellow bar at pectoral absent; dorsal filament yellow; chin whitish; outer part of iris yellow; eye narrowly rimmed below with blue (Ref. 13442)

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Common in shallow reefs. Usually in pairs, often near sea fans (Ref. 9710). Feed on sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonians and tunicates (Ref. 9626). Oviparous (Ref. 240), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Spawning pairs are strongly territorial, with usually both members vigorously defending their areas against neighboring pairs (Ref. 38726). Juveniles tend cleaning stations where they service a broad range of clients, including jacks, snappers, morays, grunts, surgeonfishes, and wrasses. At the station the cleaner displays a fluttering swimming and when cleaning it touches the clients with its pelvic fins (Ref. 40094). Flesh considered good quality; marketed fresh (Ref. 3797). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35419).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

This species manifests apparent permanent pairing and monogamy. During most of the observation period, a single pair swam slowly in a side-to-side orientation at a height of 25 to 75 cm above the reef. No conspicuous courtship displays were evident, nor was there any evidence of sexual identity, i.e., the female was not obviously swollen with eggs. Shortly after sunset, the pair ascended in a broad, shallow arc off the bottom, traversing approximately 7 to 10 m while ascending to a height of 2 to 3 m. As the pair ascended, each angled its body slightly, with their venters in close proximity, if not actually touching. This position was held throughout the peak of the arc, with the pair diverging on the descent. Other pairs in the area were seen making similar arcing movements elsewhere on the reef at approximately the same time. It was difficult to see if there were gametes released in the event. There was no interference between pairs during spawning. Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 123251)

  Не вызывающий беспокойства (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Использование человеком

рыболовство: не имеет хозяйственного значения; аквариум: коммерческий
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

дополнительная информация

народные названия
синонимы
обмен веществ
хищники
экотоксикология
размножение
половая зрелость
нерест
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
икра
Развитие икры
ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.9 - 28, mean 26.6 °C (based on 410 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04571 (0.02720 - 0.07681), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 9.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  средний (среднего размера), минимальное время удвоения популяции 1.4-4.4 года (K=0.21).
Уязвимость (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 25.9 [14.7, 47.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.792 [0.453, 1.323] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.4, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.17 [0.10, 0.28] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.1 [7.7, 30.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 29.7 [7.5, 109.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.889 [0.561, 1.387] mg/100g (wet weight);