Petrocephalus grandoculis

Petrocephalus grandoculis Boulenger 1920

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Petrocephalus grandoculis
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce demersale.   Tropical

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Africa: widespread in the lower and middle Congo River basin in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Republic of Congo (Ref. 45441, 85331).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 42480)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Petrocephalus grandoculis is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: very small mouth (mouth width 5,2-6,1 times in head length), 8-11 teeth in the upper jaw, lower jaw with 18-22 teeth, eye large (eye diameter 2,8-3,2 times in head length), snout short, dorsal fin with 24-26 branched rays, anal fin with 30-33 branched rays (Ref. 85331). Pigmentation pattern consists of two melanin markings (black patches): (1) a distinct, although generally weak, round black mark on each side of the body below the anterior base of the dorsal fin (first to fifth rays); and (2) a crescent-like mark at the base of the caudal fin on each side, not extending onto the rayed portions of the upper and lower caudal fin lobes (Ref. 85331).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Gosse, J.-P., 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, ricerca) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=2.83 (2.65 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .