Petrocephalus grandoculis

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Petrocephalus grandoculis Boulenger 1920

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Petrocephalus grandoculis
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; swasser demersal.   Tropical

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Africa: widespread in the lower and middle Congo River basin in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Republic of Congo (Ref. 45441, 85331).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 42480)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Petrocephalus grandoculis is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: very small mouth (mouth width 5,2-6,1 times in head length), 8-11 teeth in the upper jaw, lower jaw with 18-22 teeth, eye large (eye diameter 2,8-3,2 times in head length), snout short, dorsal fin with 24-26 branched rays, anal fin with 30-33 branched rays (Ref. 85331). Pigmentation pattern consists of two melanin markings (black patches): (1) a distinct, although generally weak, round black mark on each side of the body below the anterior base of the dorsal fin (first to fifth rays); and (2) a crescent-like mark at the base of the caudal fin on each side, not extending onto the rayed portions of the upper and lower caudal fin lobes (Ref. 85331).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Gosse, J.-P., 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=2.83 (2.65 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .