Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Enchelycore: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, kore = pupil (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bonnaterre.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 60 m (Ref. 58047), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA) and the Bahamas to northern South America, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 3255). Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde and from Senegal to Gabon; including St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121) and the islands of Bay of Biafra (Ref. 4450). Also southern Atlantic islands (Ref. 26938).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4450); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 1.3 kg (Ref. 40637)
With arched jaws that touch only at their tips when mouth is closed (Ref. 26938).
A benthic and solitary species (Ref. 26340) common on shallow reefs and along rocky shores. Caught incidentally and consumed fresh or salted in some localities (Ref. 3255).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 1018 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00050 (0.00025 - 0.00101), b=3.26 (3.09 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 19.4 [10.2, 35.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.661 [0.408, 1.146] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [17.9, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.186 [0.085, 0.483] g/100g ; Selenium = 24 [12, 45] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 59.1 [15.4, 204.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.635 [0.417, 0.983] mg/100g (wet weight);