Enchelycore nigricans, Viper moray : fisheries

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Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Viper moray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Enchelycore nigricans   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Enchelycore nigricans (Viper moray)
Enchelycore nigricans
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Enchelycore: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, kore = pupil (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bonnaterre.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 60 m (Ref. 58047), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA) and the Bahamas to northern South America, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 3255). Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde and from Senegal to Gabon; including St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121) and the islands of Bay of Biafra (Ref. 4450). Also southern Atlantic islands (Ref. 26938).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4450); common length : 60.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5217); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.3 kg (Ref. 40637)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

With arched jaws that touch only at their tips when mouth is closed (Ref. 26938).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

A benthic and solitary species (Ref. 26340) common on shallow reefs and along rocky shores. Caught incidentally and consumed fresh or salted in some localities (Ref. 3255).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 August 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 1018 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00050 (0.00025 - 0.00101), b=3.26 (3.09 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (62 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 19.4 [10.2, 35.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.661 [0.408, 1.146] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [17.9, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.186 [0.085, 0.483] g/100g ; Selenium = 24 [12, 45] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 59.1 [15.4, 204.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.635 [0.417, 0.983] mg/100g (wet weight);