Pseudupeneus maculatus, Spotted goatfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Pseudupeneus maculatus (Bloch, 1793)

Spotted goatfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pseudupeneus maculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pseudupeneus maculatus (Spotted goatfish)
Pseudupeneus maculatus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Pseudupeneus: Greek, pseudes = false + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 0 - 90 m (Ref. 9626), usually 0 - 35 m (Ref. 40849).   Subtropical; 40°N - 30°S, 98°W - 28°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda and New Jersey, USA to Santa Catarina, Brazil (Ref. 57756), including the Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 18.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 7251); common length : 22.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3792)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 8 - 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 8. A series of three large blackish blotches on upper side of body beneath dorsal fins; color variable but usually pale, the scales of the back with reddish or yellowish brown edges and a central pale blue spot; diagonal light blue lines on head. Capable of displaying a pattern of large red blotches on head and body in less than a minute (Ref. 13442).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow waters to depths of 90 m (Ref. 9626), especially over sand and rock bottoms in reef areas. Young juveniles often found on beds of seagrass, e.g. Thalassia. Feeds on small invertebrates (Ref. 9626). Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 3792). Traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Spawnng may either be in pairs or in small groups (Ref. 240).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | Partner

Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.8 - 28, mean 26.4 °C (based on 680 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00935 - 0.01227), b=3.10 (3.06 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (K=0.3-0.7).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.