Pseudupeneus maculatus, Spotted goatfish : fisheries, aquarium

Pseudupeneus maculatus (Bloch, 1793)

Spotted goatfish
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Pseudupeneus maculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pseudupeneus maculatus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Pseudupeneus: Greek, pseudes = false + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 0 - 90 m (Ref. 9626), usually 0 - 35 m (Ref. 40849).   Subtropical; 40°N - 30°S, 98°W - 28°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda and New Jersey, USA to Santa Catarina, Brazil (Ref. 57756), including the Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 18.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7251); common length : 22.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 3792)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 8 - 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 8. A series of three large blackish blotches on upper side of body beneath dorsal fins; color variable but usually pale, the scales of the back with reddish or yellowish brown edges and a central pale blue spot; diagonal light blue lines on head. Capable of displaying a pattern of large red blotches on head and body in less than a minute (Ref. 13442).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow waters to depths of 90 m (Ref. 9626), especially over sand and rock bottoms in reef areas. Young juveniles often found on beds of seagrass, e.g. Thalassia. Feeds on small invertebrates (Ref. 9626). Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 3792). Traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Spawnng may either be in pairs or in small groups (Ref. 240).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Randall, John E. | Medewerkers

Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.8 - 28, mean 26.4 °C (based on 680 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00935 - 0.01227), b=3.10 (3.06 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (K=0.3-0.7).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.