分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Velifers, tube-eyes and ribbonfishes) > Lampridae
Etymology: Lampris: Greek, lampros = light (Ref. 45335); guttatus: Species name form the Latin' regius' meaning king's (Ref. 6885).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 深海浮遊性; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 500 m (Ref. 89422), usually ? - 366 m (Ref. 5951). Deep-water; 75°N - 60°S, 180°W - 180°E
Worldwide in tropical to temperate waters (Ref. 57923). Western Atlantic: Grand Banks and Nova Scotia (Canada) to Florida (USA), Gulf of Mexico and the West Indies (Ref. 7251) up to Argentina (Ref. 47377). Eastern Atlantic: Norway and Greenland to Senegal (Ref. 6737) and south of Angola (Ref. 6476) also Mediterranean. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to south of southern California (Ref. 265). A single capture in South Georgia marks an incidental occurrence in Southern Ocean.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5188); common length : 120 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5217); 最大公表体重: 270.0 kg (Ref. 5188)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 48-55; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 33 - 41; 脊つい: 43. Caudal fin broadly lunate; pectorals long and falcate; pelvic fins similar to pectoral fins in shape and a little longer (Ref. 6885). Dark steely blue dorsally shading into green with silver and purple iridescence, belly rosy, body covered with silvery spots in irregular rows, light mottling on caudal and dorsal fins; vermillion on fins and jaws, golden around eyes (Ref. 6885).
Oceanic and apparently solitary (Ref. 6737). Epi- and mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on midwater fishes and invertebrates, mainly squids (Ref. 6737). Probably spawns in the spring (Ref. 6885). Occasionally taken as a by-catch of tuna fisheries. Considered a good food fish (Ref. 5242); marketed fresh and frozen; prepared as sashimi (Ref. 9987). Swims by flapping the pectoral fins (Ref. 36731).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Palmer, G., 1986. Lamprididae. p. 725-726. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6737)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
水産業: 少数商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5 - 19.9, mean 12.1 °C (based on 1423 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 5.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 低い, ４．５年～１４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Assuming tm>4).
Prior r = 0.28, 95% CL = 0.16 - 0.48, Based on 1 stock assessment.
弱み (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 10.3 [4.6, 23.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.391 [0.202, 0.881] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.5 [17.1, 24.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.366 [0.182, 0.756] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.2 [8.7, 53.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.25 [1.10, 26.27] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.246 [0.159, 0.407] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.