Grammatorcynus bicarinatus, Shark mackerel : fisheries, gamefish
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Grammatorcynus bicarinatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

Shark mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Grammatorcynus bicarinatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos | تصوير گوگل
Image of Grammatorcynus bicarinatus (Shark mackerel)
Grammatorcynus bicarinatus
Picture by Patzner, R.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Grammatorcynus: Greek, gramma = signal, mark + Greek, rhyngchos = snout.
More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي وابسته به آب سنگ; اقیانوس رو (Ref. 51243); تغييرات عمق 15 - 50 m (Ref. 86942). Subtropical; 12°S - 37°S, 110°E - 157°E (Ref. 168)

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Western Pacific: known only from the northern coasts of Australia, south to Shark Bay in western Australia, along the east coast of Queensland south to northern New South Wales. Recently reported from the Gulf of Papua (Ref. 9684) and Ouvéa Atoll, Loyalty Islands (Ref. 13236).

Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm FL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 40637); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 13.5 kg (Ref. 168)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 11 - 13; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 10-12; خارهاي باله مخرجي 0; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 11 - 13; مهره ها: 31. Mouth relatively small, upper jaw reaching about to middle of eye. Pectoral fins stout. Interpelvic process short and single. No prominent anterior corselet present. Swim bladder present. Vertebrae 14 precaudal plus 17 caudal, total 31 as in the mackerels (Scomber and Rastrelliger).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Form schools near individual bays and reefs in Barrier Reef waters. With the rising tide, they move into shallow water over the reef flats, feeding on schools of clupeoid fishes that concentrate there. Utilized as a food fish.

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : Collette, Bruce B. | همكاران

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 December 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
Age/Size
رشد
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
بازسازی
فراواني
BRUVS
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Nutrients
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.6 - 27.8, mean 26.1 °C (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  متوسط, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 4/1 – 4/4 سال (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (75 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 17.4 [8.9, 35.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.882 [0.490, 1.836] mg/100g ; Protein = 22.6 [21.4, 23.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.236 [0.138, 0.445] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.3 [13.2, 46.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 49.9 [15.5, 169.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.545 [0.355, 0.905] mg/100g (wet weight);