Seriola dumerili, Greater amberjack : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium
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Seriola dumerili (Risso, 1810)

Greater amberjack
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Seriola dumerili   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Seriola dumerili
Picture by Pontes, M.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Carangiformes (Jacks) 鱸形目 (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Seriola: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Risso.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 1 - 360 m (Ref. 11441), usually 18 - 72 m (Ref. 9626).   亞熱帶的; 45°N - 28°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Circumglobal. Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Persian Gulf, southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to New Caledonia; Mariana and Caroline islands in Micronesia. Western Atlantic: Bermuda (Ref. 26938), Nova Scotia, Canada to Brazil; also from the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: British coast (vagrant) to Morocco and the Mediterranean. Distribution in eastern central Atlantic along the African coast is not well established due to past confusion with Seriola carpenteri (Ref. 7097).
Circumglobal。 印度-西太平洋: 南非,波斯灣, 日本南部與夏威夷群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞; 在密克羅尼西亞的馬里亞納群島與加羅林群島。 西大西洋: 百慕達群島 (參考文獻 26938), 加拿大的新斯科舍省到巴西; 也從墨西哥灣與加勒比海.(參考文獻 9626) 東大西洋: 英國海岸 (流浪漢) 到摩洛哥與地中海。 在中大西洋東部的分布沿著非洲海岸很好地不被建立由於過去與 Seriola carpenteri 混淆.(參考文獻 7097)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 99.5, range 80 - 127 cm
Max length : 190 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3397); common length : 100.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3197); 最大体重: 80.6 kg (Ref. 3287); 最大年龄: 15 年 (Ref. 113943)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8; 背的软条 (总数): 29-35; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 18 - 22. Bluish grey or olivaceous above, silvery white below; amber stripe along midside of body; fins dusky (Ref. 3197). Second dorsal and anal fins with low anterior lobe (Ref. 26938). Species of Seriola lack scutes (Ref. 37816).
蓝灰色或橄榄色的上方, 下面银白色的; 琥珀色的斑纹沿着体侧中央; 鳍暗色的.(参考文献 3197) 用低的前面叶第二背鳍与臀鳍.(参考文献 26938) Seriola 的种缺乏鳞甲。 (参考文献 37816)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults found in deep seaward reefs; occasionally entering coastal bays. They feed primarily on fishes such as the bigeye scad, also on invertebrates (Ref. 4233). Small juveniles associate with floating plants or debris in oceanic and offshore waters. Juveniles form small schools or solitary (Ref. 5213). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9987). Reported to cause ciguatera in some areas (Ref. 26938).

栖息于深的临海礁石; 偶然地进入近岸海湾。 主要吃鱼例如大目瓜仔鱼, 也吃无脊椎动物.(参考文献 4233) 小的稚鱼与漂浮的植物或残砾聚集在一起在大洋性的与离岸水域。 稚鱼形成小群鱼群或独居性。 (参考文献 5213) 生鲜使用与冷冻; 吃油锅炸的, 火烤的与烧烤。 (参考文献 9987) 报告在一些地区引起雪卡鱼毒。 (参考文献 26938)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawning happens during the summer, in areas near the coast. Embryo development lasts about 40 hours at 23° and larval development 31-36 days. Egg size 1.9 mm, larval at hatching 2.9 mm.Circumglobal。 印度-西太平洋: 南非,波斯灣, 日本南部與夏威夷群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞; 在密克羅尼西亞的馬里亞納群島與加羅林群島。 西大西洋: 百慕達群島 (參考文獻 26938), 加拿大的新斯科舍省到巴西; 也從墨西哥灣與加勒比海.(參考文獻 9626) 東大西洋: 英國海岸 (流浪漢) 到摩洛哥與地中海。 在中大西洋東部的分布沿著非洲海岸很好地不被建立由於過去與 Seriola carpenteri 混淆.(參考文獻 7097)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 November 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO - 养殖: 产生; 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
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生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

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参考文献
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.9 - 29, mean 27.1 °C (based on 3486 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.01241 - 0.02119), b=2.92 (2.84 - 3.00), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.18; tm=4; tmax=15).
Prior r = 0.59, 95% CL = 0.39 - 0.89, Based on 4 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 16.3 [8.5, 31.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.848 [0.481, 1.592] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.4 [17.7, 22.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.224 [0.133, 0.380] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.9 [15.4, 55.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 99.1 [10.6, 668.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.455 [0.299, 0.712] mg/100g (wet weight);