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References using Epinephelus radiatus
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
004787  Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra,1991 Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (20):332 p.
005213  Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral and A. Massinga,1990 Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p. 206
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 222;fig.395;pl.21e
005978  Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and P.J. Kailola,1984 Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Federal Republic of Germany. 407 p. 135,325
006192  Kailola, P.J.,1987 The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. 231
006365  Fouda, M.M. and G.V. Hermosa Jr.,1993 A checklist of Oman fishes. Sultan Qaboos University Press, Sultanate of Oman. 42 p.
007300  Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley,1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. 497
007442  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1996 PISCES. The information in FishBase was derived by comparing FishBase with a preliminary version 2.0 of Eschmeyer's PISCES database, published on the Internet in November 1996, URL:gopher://
009137  Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen,1993 Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. 120
011298  De Bruin, G.H.P., B.C. Russell and A. Bogusch,1995 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The marine fishery resources of Sri Lanka. Rome, FAO. 400 p. 330
011441  Randall, J.E.,1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. 135;fig.315-316
013277  Baranes, A. and D. Golani,1993 An annotated list of the deep-sea fishes collected in the northern Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba. Isr.l J. Zool. 39:299-336. 307
028016  al Sakaff, H. and M. Esseen,1999 Occurrence and distribution of fish species off Yemen (Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea). Naga ICLARM Q. 22(1):43-47. 46
028618  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished.
030573  Sommer, C., W. Schneider and J.-M. Poutiers,1996 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Rome. 376 p. 193
031411  Ganaden, S.R. and F. Lavapie-Gonzales,1999 Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines. 385 p. 326
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031667  Anonymous,1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
036648  Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.),2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. 610
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039231  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1999 Serranidae. p. 2442-2547. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). Rome, FAO. 2069-2790 p.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
043309  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection of the University of the Philippines in the Visayas Museum. UPV Museum.
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 397
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 426
048643  Khalaf, M.A. and A.M. Disi,1997 Fishes of the Gulf of Aqaba. Marine Science Station, Aqaba, Jordan. 252 p. 74
053568  Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin,2004 An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3):199-216. 210
055073  Chen, C.-H.,2004 Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. FRI Special Publication No. 4. 175 p. 63
056787  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2006 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of April 2006. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in April 2006.
058078  Baissac, J. de B.,1990 SWIOP/WP/54 - Checklist of the marine fishes of Mauritius. RAF/87/008/WP/54/90 Regional Project for the Development & Management of Fisheries in the Southwest Indian Ocean.
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058472  Heemstra, P.C., K. Hissmann, H. Fricke and M.J. Smale,2006 Fishes of the deep demersal habitat at Ngazidja (Grand Comoro) Island, Western Indian Ocean. South African J. Sci. 102(9/10):444-460. 452
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p. 1017-1018
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084013  Putra, S. (ed.),2009 Yum Eungkod/Nan Eungkod, Harga Ikan/Nama Ikan, Fish Price/Fish Names. Lembaga Adat Panglima Laot - Lhok Krueng Aceh and ADB. Source:
084015  Panglima Laot Lhok Krueng Aceh,2008 List Jenis Ikan yang Ada di Perairan Aceh: Fish Species/Jenis Ikan.
084159  Golani, D. and S. V. Bogorodsky,2010 The fishes of the Red Sea - reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa 2463:1-135. 24
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
089707  Craig, M.T., YJ. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 220
089967  Taquet, M. and A. Diringer,1992 Mérous de l'Océan Indien. La Réunion: Azalées Editions. 103 p. 67; Painting
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
097769  Kandula, S., K.V.L. Shrikanya and V.A. Iswarya Deepti,2014 Species diversity and some aspects of reproductive biology and life history of groupers (Pisces: Serranidae: Epinephelinae) off the central eastern coast of India. Mar. Biol. Res. 11(1):18-33. 27
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
116276  Sujatha, K., K.V.L. Shrikanya and P. Padmavathi,2010 Length-weight relationship of four species of Epinephelus Bloch, 1793 in the catches off Visakhapatnam, east coast of India. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India 52(1):96-98. 97
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
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