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References using Epinephelus diacanthus
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000280  Herre, A.W.C.T.,1953 Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv. (20):1-977. 350-351
000559  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino,1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). 129;pl.348
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
003626  Edwards, R.R.C. and S. Shaher,1991 The biometrics of marine fishes from the Gulf of Aden. Fishbyte 9(2):27-29.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004787  Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra,1991 Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (20):332 p.
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 117;fig.291;pl.12a
005285  Smith, J.L.B.,1969 Fishes of Inhaca. p. 131-136. In W. Macnae and M. Kalk (eds.) A natural history of Inhaca Island, Moçambique. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg. 132
005756  Mohsin, A.K.M., M.A. Ambak and M.N.A. Salam,1993 Malay, English, and scientific names of the fishes of Malaysia. Occas. Publ. Fac. Fish. Mar. Sci. Univ. Pertanian Malays. 11:226 p.
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 73
006365  Fouda, M.M. and G.V. Hermosa Jr.,1993 A checklist of Oman fishes. Sultan Qaboos University Press, Sultanate of Oman. 42 p.
006867  Talwar, P.K. and R.K. Kacker,1984 Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 997 p. 383
008973  Vasil'ev, V.P.,1980 Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 20
009819  Russell, B.C. and W. Houston,1989 Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. Beagle 6(1):69-84. 81
011441  Randall, J.E.,1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. 129;fig.296
012276  Chakraborty, S.K.,1994 Age, growth, mortality and stock assessment of Epinephelus diacanthus (Valenciennes) from Bombay waters. Bull. Cent. Mar. Fish. Res. Inst. 47:130-133.
012846  Nguyen, H.P., P. Le Trong, N.T. Nguyen, P.D. Nguyen, N. Do Thi Nhu and V.L. Nguyen,1995 Checklist of marine fishes in Vietnam. Vol. 3. Order Perciformes, Suborder Percoidei, and Suborder Echeneoidei. Science and Technics Publishing House, Vietnam. 69
027550  Mohsin, A.K.M. and M.A. Ambak,1996 Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. University of Pertanian Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. 744 p. 234 ;fig.388
028016  al Sakaff, H. and M. Esseen,1999 Occurrence and distribution of fish species off Yemen (Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea). Naga ICLARM Q. 22(1):43-47. 46
028618  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished.
029559  Natarajan, R. and K. Subrahmanyam,1974 A karyotype study of some teleost from Portonovo waters. Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci., Ser.B. 79(5):173-196.
030184  Arkhipchuk, V.V.,1999 Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.
031075  Ni, I.-H. and K.-Y. Kwok,1999 Marine fish fauna in Hong Kong waters. Zool. Stud. 38(2):130-152. 138
031411  Ganaden, S.R. and F. Lavapie-Gonzales,1999 Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines. 385 p. 326
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031667  Anonymous,1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
032273  Anonymous,1983 Cruise report R/V "Dr. Fridtjof Nansen", Fisheries resources survey Iran, 23 Sept. - 1 Oct. 1983. UNDP/FAO Global Programme GLO/82/001.
033254  Edwards, R.R.C., A. Ghaddaf and S. Shaher,1991 The demersal fish stocks and the biometrics of fish on the P.D.R. Yemen shelf of the Gulf of Aden. UNESCO Project 703/PDY/40.
034370  Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven,1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften. 139
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037773  Monkolprasit, S., S. Sontirat, S. Vimollohakarn and T. Songsirikul,1997 Checklist of Fishes in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Thailand. 353 p. 139
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 391
046970  Van Quan, N.,2003 List of 400 marine Vietnamese names from museum records of Haiphong Institute of Oceanography. Personal Communication, May 2003. (word file).
047487  Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung,2003 Verzeichnis der Handelsbezeichnungen für Erzeugnisse der Fischerei und der Aquakultur. Retrieved 17 June 2003, from 4
047613  Assadi, H. and R. Dehghani P.,1997 Atlas of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman fishes. Iranian Fisheries Research and Training Organization, Iran. 160
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 426
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
055634  Abdurahiman, K.P., T. Harishnayak, P.U. Zacharia and K.S. Mohamed,2004 Length-weight relationship of commercially important marine fishes and shellfishes of the southern coast of Karnataka, India. Naga WorldFish Center Q. 27(1&2):9-14. 11
055968  Chakraborty, S.K., R.S. Biradar, A.K. Jaiswar and R. Palaniswamy,2005 Population parameters of some commercially important fishery resources of Mumbai coast. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Deemed University, Versova, Mumbai, 63 p. 54
057879  Chinese Academy of Fishery Science (CAFS),2007 Database of genetic resources of aquatic organisms in China (as of January 2007). Chinese Academy of Fishery Science.
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058457  Valinassab, T., R. Daryanabard, R. Dehghani and G.J. Pierce,2006 Abundance of demesal fish resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 86:1455-1462. 1458
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
085272  Seeto, J. and W.J. Baldwin,2010 A checklist of the fishes of Fiji and a bibliography of Fijian fish. Division of Marine Studies Technical Report 1/2010. The University of the South Pacific. Suva, Fiji. 102 p. 18
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
089707  Craig, M.T., YJ. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 124
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
096423  Chakraborty, S. K., V. D. Desmukh, M. Zaffarkhan, K. Vidyasagar and S.G. Raje,1994 Estimates of growth, mortality, recruitment pattern and MSY of important resources from the Maharashtra coast. J. Indian Fish. Ass. 24:1-39. 4
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
115087  Almukhtar, M.A., A.J. Alfaisal, F. Mustafa, A.M. Hassan, S. Abdulgahni and T. Hammed,2012 Classification of groupers genus Epinephelus with description of four species for the first time in the Iraqi marine waters. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research 30(4):172-182.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
116140  CMFRI,2015 Annual report 2014-15. Central Marine Fisheries Institute, Cochin. 353 p. 53
116211  CMFRI,2016 Annual report 2016-17. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi, 345 p. 40-41
116321  CMFRI,2012 Annual report 2011-2012. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin. 274 p. 35
122100  Kolhe, S.S., U.S. Chacharkar and R.A. Pawar,2017 Length-weight relationships of four species captured off Ratnagiri (Arabian Sea; West Coast of India). J. Appl. Ichthyol 34:783-784. 784
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