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References using Cobitis biwae
Ref No. Description Page
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 638-639
000559  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino,1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). 58;pl.59
002220  Post, A.,1965 Vergleichende Untersuchungen der Chromosomenzahlen bei Süßwasser-Teleosteern. Z. Zool. Syst. Evol.-Forsch. 3:47-93.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
006398  Axelrod, H.R., W.E. Burgess, N. Pronek and J.G. Walls,1991 Dr. Axelrod's Atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Sixth edition. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
008973  Vasil'ev, V.P.,1980 Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 12
009522  Kusunoki, T., K. Arai and R. Suzuki,1994 Production of viable gynogens without chromosome duplication in the spinous loach Cobitis biwae. Aquaculture 119(1):11-24.
009902  Okiyama, M.,1993 An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. 1154 p. 159-160
029229  Ueno, K., Sh. Iwai and Y. Ojima,1980 Karyotypes and geographical distribution (forms) of the genus Cobitis. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 46(1):9-18.
029356  Takahasi, J.I. and H. Okada,1976 Karyotypes and electrophoretic patterns in loaches of the genus Cobitis. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 23(2):114-117.
029403  Hitotsumachi, S., M. Sasaki and Y. Ojima,1969 Cytogenetical studies in lower vertebrates. VI. A comparative karyotype study in several species of Japanese loaches (Pisces, Cobitidae). Jap. J. Genet. 44(3):157-161.
029614  Ueno, K. and Y. Ojima,1976 Diploid-tetraploid complex in the genus Cobitis (Cobitidae, Cyprinidae). Proc. Japan Acad., Ser. B: Phys. Biol. Sci. 52(8):446-449.
030064  Kobayasi, H.,1976 Comparative studies of the karyotype in small and large races of loach Cobitis biwae. Zool. Mag. 85(1):84-87.
030184  Arkhipchuk, V.V.,1999 Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.
030503  Rass, T.S.,1983 Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V.E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575p.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
034370  Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven,1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften. 68
037235  Kimizuka, Y. and H. Kobayashi,1983 Geographic distributions of karyological races of Cobitis biwae (Cobitididae). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 30(3):308-312.
037267  Sawada, Y. and H. Aizawa,1983 Cobitis biwae, the valid name for the Japanese striped loach. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 30(3):318. 318
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041827  Anonymous,2002 Freshwater fish collection database of the National Science Museum. National Science Museum, 3-23-1 Hyakunin-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0073, Japan.
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
051055  Hanel, L. and J. Novák,2002 České názvy zivočichů V. Ryby a ryboviti obratlovci (Pisces) 3., maloústí (Gonorhynchiformes) - máloostní (Cypriniformes). Národní muzeum (zoologické oddělení), Praha.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
078994  Fisheries Management Division of the Shiga Prefecture Agriculture and Fisheries Department,2007 Shiga's Fisheries (Fiscal Year 2007). Shiga no Suisan (Heisei 19 Nendo), pp. 77-79. 77-79
079825  Wildlife Survey Group in Shiga Prefecture (ed.),2005 Red data book of Shiga Prefecture. Sunrise Press, Shiga, p. 475.
079886  Uonokai, T. Nakajima and K. Ohara (eds.),2005 Activities of Uonokai (Fish survey group): Fish distribution in the watershed of Lake Biwa. Shiga, Japan: Lake Biwa Museum. 233 p.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
095794  Tochigi Prefecture,2005 Red Data Book Tochigi 2005. Tochigi Prefecture, Utsunomiya. (;
095795  Gunma Prefecture,2012 Red List of Gunma Prefecture 2012. Revised Version. Gunma Prefecture, Maebashi. (;
095796  Saitama Prefecture,2008 Red Data Book of Saitama Prefecture 2008. Saitama Prefecture, Saitama. (;
095798  Chiba Prefecture,2011 The important Species for Protection in Chiba Prefecture. Red Data Book Chiba 2011. Chiba Prefecture, Chiba. (;
095800  Tokyo Metropolitan Government,2010 Red List of Tokyo Metropolis 2010 - Inland. Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Tokyo. (;
095806  Suguro, N.,and H. Senou,2006 The Red Data Species in Kanagawa Prefecture. Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, Odawara. (;
095832  Shizuoka Prefecture,2004 Red Data Book of Shizuoka Prefecture. Shizuoka Prefecture, Shizuoka. (;$FILE/11_redlist(fresh_water_fish_rev).pdf)
095975  Shiga Prefecture,2010 Red Data Book of Shiga Prefecture 2010. Shiga Prefecture, Otsu. (;
095980  Osaka Prefectural Government,2001 Guidebook of Nature in Osaka. Osaka Prefectural Government, Osaka. (;[1]-96.pdf)
096231  Tokushima Prefecture,2014 Tokushima Red List, Revised Version. Tokushima Prefecture, Tokushima. (;
096232  Kagawa Prefecture,2004 Red Data Book of Kagawa Prefecture. Kagawa Prefecture, Kagawa. (;
096233  Kochi Prefecture,2002 Red Data Book of Kochi Prefecture. Kochi Prefecture, Kochi. (;
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105471  eElurikkus,2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
117925  Nakajima, J. and Y. Suzawa,2016 Cobitis sakahoko, a new species of spined loach (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from southern Kyushu Island, Japan. Ichthyol. Res. 63:68-78. 76
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