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References using Aphanopus carbo
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
002683  Schneider, W.,1990 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p.
002850  Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann,1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. 265
003166  Bianchi, G.,1986 Fichas FAO de identifacao de espécies para propósitos comerciais. Guia de campo para as espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Angola. Preparado com o apoio da NORAD e da FAO (FIRM) Programa Regular, FAO, Rome. 184 p. 91
003698  Nakamura, I.,1981 Trichiuridae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and FAO. Vol. 4. pag. var.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004537  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. 152
004931  FAO,1992 FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.
005219  Parin, N.V. and V.E. Bekker,1979 Trichiuridae. p. 462-464. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 462
005951  Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott,1988 Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:731 p. 446-7
006181  Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. 65;fig.114
006255  Maul, G.E.,1950 A espada preta. Pub. Liga Protec. Natur., Lisboa. 4:1-10.
006768  Parin, N.V.,1986 Trichiuridae. p. 976-980. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. 977
007028  Martins, M.R., M.M. Martins and F. Cardador,1989 Portuguese fishery of black scabbard fish (Aphanus carbo Lowe, 1839) off Sesimbra waters. ICES CM/1989/G:32.
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009068  Pequeño, G.,1989 Peces de Chile. Lista sistematica revisada y comentada. Rev. Biol. Mar., Valparaiso 24(2):1-132. 67
009574  Lindsey, C.C.,1978 Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York.
009731  Mauchline, J. and J.D.M. Gordon,1984 Occurrence and feeding of berycomorphid and percomorphid teleost fish in the Rockall Trough. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 41:239-247. 239-247
011980  McAllister, D.E.,1990 A list of the fishes of Canada. Syllogeus No. 64. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ottawa, Canada. 310 p. 178
012140  Swaby, S.E. and G.W. Potts,1990 Rare British marine fishes - identification and conservation. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl.A):133-143. 142
012204  Coad, B.W.,1995 Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. Singapore.
012462  Jonsson, G.,1992 Islenskir fiskar. Fiolvi, Reykjavik, 568 pp. 39
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 88
026942  Morales-Nin, B. and D. Sena-Carvalho,1996 Age and growth of the black scabbard fish (Aphanopus carbo) off Madeira. Fish. Res. 25(3-4):239-251.
026999  Sanches, J.G.,1991 Catálogo dos principais peixes marinhos da República de Guiné-Bissau. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 16:429 p. 232
027000  Reiner, F.,1996 Catálogo dos peixes do arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Port. Invest. Mar. 2:339 p. 246
027363  Nakamura, I., T. Inada, M. Takeda and H. Hatanaka,1986 Important fishes trawled off Patagonia. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo. 369 p. 278
027545  McAllister, D.E., V. Legendre and J.G. Hunter,1987 Liste de noms inuktitut (esquimaux), français, anglais et scientifiques des poissons marins du Canada arctique. Rapp. Manus. Can. Sci. Halieut. Aquat, 1932,106 p. 67
028571  Appleby, C.,1999 List of Norwegian common names of fishes. Unpublished. 8
030426  Randolph, S. and M. Snyder,1993 The seafood list: FDA's guide to acceptable market names for seafood sold in interstate commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, USA. pag. var. 9
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033337  Anonymous,2000 Systematisk liste over norske fisk registert pr. 1997. 15
035204  Santos, R.S., F.M. Porteiro and J.P. Barreiros,1997 Marine fishes of the Azores: annotated checklist and bibliography. Bulletin of the University of Azores. Supplement 1. 244 p. 106
035388  Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen,1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. 234
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
036372  Dolgov, A.V.,2000 New data on composition and distribution of the Barents Sea ichthyofauna. ICES CM2000/Mini:12, 12p. 12
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 74
040643  Haedrich, R.L. and N.R. Merrett,1988 Summary atlas of deep-living demersal fishes in the North Atlantic Basin. J. Nat. Hist. 22:1325-1362. 1335
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041761  Jackowski, E.,2001 Nazewnictwo ryb. Mag. Przem. Ryb. Gdynia. to be filled. ISSN 1428-362X.
042125  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection of the Royal British Columbia Museum. Royal British Columbia Museum, 675 Belleville Street, Victoria BC, Canada V8V 1X4.
043202  Andriyashev, A.P. and N.V. Chernova,1995 Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the Arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123. 119
043402  Nunes, A.,1953 Peixes da Madeira. Edição da Junta Geral do distrito Autón.
046382  Dolar, M.L.L., W.A. Walker, G.L. Kooyman and W.F. Perrin,2003 Comparative feeding ecology of spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) and fraser's dolphins ( Lagenodelphis hosei) in the Sulu sea. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 19(1):1-19. 9
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048010  Gordon, J.D.M., N.R. Merrett, O.A. Bergstad and S.C. Swan,1996 A comparison of the deep-water demersal fish assemblages of the rockall trough and procupine seabight, eastern north Atlantic: continental slope to rise. J. Fish Biol. 49(Suppl.A):217-238. 222
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 214
050492  Shcherbachev Yu, N., E.I. Kukuev and V.I. Shlibanov,1985 Composition of the benthic and demersal ichthyocenoses of the submarine mountains in the southern part of the North Atlantic Range. J. Ichthyol. 25:110-125.
051094  Mouritsen, R.,2004 Fiskanøvn.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051864  Clarke, M.W., C.J. Kelly, P.L. Conolly and J.P. Molloy,2003 A life history approach to the assessment and management of deepwater fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 31:401-411.
052974  Parin, N.V. and I. Nakamura,2003 Trichiuridae. Scabbardfishes (hairtails, frostfishes). p. 1825-1835. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals.
054093  Du Buit, M.H.,1978 Alimentation de quelques poissons téléostéens de profondeur dans la zone du seuil de Wyville Thomson. Oceanol. Acta. 1(2):129-134. 131
054735  Wheeler, A.C., N.R. Merrett and D.T.G. Quigley,2004 Additional records and notes for Wheeler's (1992) List of the Common and Scientific Names of Fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl.B):1-40. 19
057747  Ecomarg Project,2006 Biodiversity: Cantabrian Sea, Galician Shelf and Le Danois Bank. Ecomarg Project (
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058426  Coad, B.W. and J.D. Reist,2004 Annotated list of the arctic marine fishes of Canada. Can. MS Rep. Fish Aquat. Sci. 2674:iv:+112 p. 59-60
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
080860  Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura,2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
086578  Bañon, R., D. Villegas-Ríos, A. Serrano, G. Mucientes and J.C. Arronte,2010 Marine fishes from Galicia (NW Spain): an updated checklist. Zootaxa 2667:1-27. 21
086942  Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez,2011 Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463. 441
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105471  eElurikkus,2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
107339  FAO-FIES,2016 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 15/04/2016].
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
108695  Neves, A., A.R. Vieira, I. Farias, I. Figueiredo, V. Sequeira and L.S. Gordo,2009 Reproductive strategies in black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839) from the NE Atlantic. Sci. Mar. 73(2):19-31. 24
108708  Figueiredo, I., P. Bordalo-Machado, S. Reis, D. Sena-Carvalho, T. Blasdale, A. Newton and L.S.. Gordo,2003 Observations on the reproductive cycle of the black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839) in the NE Atlantic. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 60:774-779. 778
108733  Pajuelo, J.G., J.A. Gonzalez, J.I. Santana, J.M. Lorenzo, A. Garcia-Mederos and V. Tuset,2008 Biological parameters of the bathyal fish black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839) off the Canary Islands, Central-east Atlantic. Fish, Res. 92:140-147. 140-147
108735  Delgado, J., S. Reis, J.A. Gonzalez, E. Isidro, M. Biscoito, M. Freitas and V.M. Tuset,2013 Reproduction and growth of Aphanopus carbo and A. intermedius (Teleostei: Trichiuridae) in the northeastern Atlantic. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 29:1008-1014. 1008-1014
109235  Reis, S., D. Sena-Carvalho, J.H. Delgado and M. Afonso-Dias,2001 Historical overview of the black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839) fishery in Madeira Island. Poster paper at the Scientific Council Meeting, Deep-sea Fisheries Symposium, September 2001. Serial No. N4491, NAFO SCR Doc. 01/103, Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization. 6 p. 1-6
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
117245  Coad, B.W. and J.D. Reist,2018 Marine fishes of Arctic Canada. Toronto (ON, Canada): University of Toronto Press. xiii+618 p. 546;DrawBW;PointMap
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118488  Meiners-Mandujano, C., L. Fernández-Peralta, A. Faraj and R. García-Cancela,2018 Length-weight relationship of 15 deep-sea fish species (Actinopterygii) from the North-Western African Continental slope. Acta Ichthyol. Et Pisc. 48(2):195-198. 197
118628  Palomares, M.L.D., R. Froese, B. Derrick, S.-L. Nöel, G. Tsui, J. Woroniak and D. Pauly,2018 A preliminary global assessment of the status of exploited marine fish and invertebrate populations. A report prepared by the Sea Around Us for OCEANA. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, p. 64.
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
123424  Sutton, T.T., P.A. Hulley, R. Wienerroither, D. Zaera-Perez and J.R. Paxton,2020 Identification guide to the mesopelagic fishes of the central and south east Atlantic Ocean. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. Rome: FAO, xvi+327 p. 268
123983  Schilling, B., A.S. Couperus and O.G. Bos,2019 Fotogids mesopelagische vissen, Noordoost Atlantische Oceaan. Versie 1.0. [Photo guide mesopelagci fish, Northeast Atlantic Ocean. Version 1.0 ]. Waginengen Marine Research. 98
124174  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro and H. Winker,2021 User Guide for CMSY++. GEOMAR, Germany, 17 p.
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