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References using Ambassis gymnocephalus
Ref No. Description Page
000028  Fischer, W. and P.J.P. Whitehead (eds.),1974 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Vols. 1-4. FAO, Rome. pag.var.
000280  Herre, A.W.C.T.,1953 Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv. (20):1-977. 328
001263  Ingles, J. and D. Pauly,1984 An atlas of the growth, mortality and recruitment of Philippines fishes. ICLARM Tech. Rep. 13. 127 p. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines.
001623  Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith,1963 The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown. 215 p. 25
002178  Dalzell, P. and R.A. Ganaden,1987 A review of the fisheries for small pelagic fishes in Philippine waters. Tech. Pap. Ser. Bur. Fish. Aquat. Resour. (Philipp.) 10(1):58 p. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Quezon City, Philippines.
002857  Herre, A.W.C.T. and A.F. Umali,1948 English and local common names of Philippine fishes. U. S. Dept. of Interior and Fish and Wildl. Serv. Circular No. 14, U. S. Gov't Printing Office, Washington. 128 p.
004318  Heemstra, P.C. and T.J. Martin,1986 Ambassidae. p. 507-508. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 507
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004833  Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran,1991 Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 796
004967  Eccles, D.H.,1992 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (project URT/87/016). FAO, Rome. 145 p. 87
005193  Shen, S.C. (ed.),1993 Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei. 960 p.
005285  Smith, J.L.B.,1969 Fishes of Inhaca. p. 131-136. In W. Macnae and M. Kalk (eds.) A natural history of Inhaca Island, Moçambique. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg. 133
005736  Hla Win, U.,1987 Checklist of fishes of Burma. Ministry of Livestock Breeding and Fisheries, Department of Fisheries, Burma.
005756  Mohsin, A.K.M., M.A. Ambak and M.N.A. Salam,1993 Malay, English, and scientific names of the fishes of Malaysia. Occas. Publ. Fac. Fish. Mar. Sci. Univ. Pertanian Malays. 11:226 p.
006107  Schuster, W.H. and R. Djajadiredja,1952 Local common names of Indonesian fishes. W.V. Hoeve, Bandung, Indonesia. 276 p.
006867  Talwar, P.K. and R.K. Kacker,1984 Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 997 p. 362
007050  Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo,1993 Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. 105;pl.50
007248  Skelton, P.H.,1993 A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p.
007300  Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley,1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. 485
011298  De Bruin, G.H.P., B.C. Russell and A. Bogusch,1995 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The marine fishery resources of Sri Lanka. Rome, FAO. 400 p. 135
011338  Dela Paz, R. and N. Aragones,1985 Mangrove fishes of Pagbilao (Quezon Province, Luzon Island), with notes on their abundance and seasonality. Natural and Applied Sci. Bull. 37(2):171-190. 179
011441  Randall, J.E.,1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. 121;fig.269
012087  Morton, B.,1979 The coastal seafood of Hong Kong. p. 125-150. In B.S. Morton (ed.) The future of the Hong Kong seashore Oxford University Press, News Building, Nort Point, Hong Kong. 130
012165  Bleher, H.,1996 Bombon. Aqua geographia 12(4):6-34. 31
012468  Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl,1995 Aquarien Atlas. Band 4. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Melle, Germany. 864 p. 711
012693  Rainboth, W.J.,1996 Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. 181
012846  Nguyen, H.P., P. Le Trong, N.T. Nguyen, P.D. Nguyen, N. Do Thi Nhu and V.L. Nguyen,1995 Checklist of marine fishes in Vietnam. Vol. 3. Order Perciformes, Suborder Percoidei, and Suborder Echeneoidei. Science and Technics Publishing House, Vietnam. 40
013333  Stiassny, M.L.J. and N. Raminosoa,1994 The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. p.133-148. In G.G. Teugels, J.-F. Guégan and J.-J. Albaret (eds.) Biological diversity of African fresh- and brackish water fishes. Geographical overviews presented at the PARADI Symposium, Senegal, 15-20 November 1993. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 275:177 p. 139
013446  Mercene, E.C.,1997 Freshwater fishes of the Philippines. p. 81-105. In R.Guerrero III, A. Calpe, and L. Darvin (eds.). Aquatic Biology Research and Development in the Philippines (Proceedings of the First Nat'l Symposium-Workshop on Aquatic Biology R&D, Nov. 28-29, 1995, Los Baños, Laguna). PCAMRD Bk. Ser. 20. 95
027550  Mohsin, A.K.M. and M.A. Ambak,1996 Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. University of Pertanian Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. 744 p. 220 ;fig.359
029108  Rao, K.V.R.,1995 Pisces. p. 483-506. In Fauna of Chilka Lake. Wetland Ecosystem Series 1. Zool. Surv. India. 673 p. 492
030558  Okeyo, D.O.,1998 Updating names, distribution and ecology of riverine fish of Kenya in the Athi-Galana-Sabaki River drainage system. Naga, ICLARM Q. 21(1):44-53. 49
031075  Ni, I.-H. and K.-Y. Kwok,1999 Marine fish fauna in Hong Kong waters. Zool. Stud. 38(2):130-152. 138
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031411  Ganaden, S.R. and F. Lavapie-Gonzales,1999 Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines. 385 p. 192
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033390  Fricke, R.,1999 Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p. 172
033450  Gao, G.,1991 Serranidae. p. 363-371. In J.-H. Pan, L. Zhong, C.-Y. Zheng, H.-L. Wu and J.-H. Liu (eds). 1991. The freshwater fishes of Guangdong Province. Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou. 589 pp. 361
035686  Ziegler, B.,1979 Growth and mortality rates of some fishes of Manila bay. Philippines as estimated from the analysis of length frequencies. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel 117p. Thesis.
035840  Nichols, J.T.,1943 The freshwater fishes of China. Natural history of Central Asia: Volume IX. The American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA, 322 p. 244
036073  Kuo, S.-R. and K.-T. Shao,1999 Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan. Zool. Stud. 38(4):391-404. 391-401
036648  Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.),2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. 608
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037773  Monkolprasit, S., S. Sontirat, S. Vimollohakarn and T. Songsirikul,1997 Checklist of Fishes in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Thailand. 353 p. 130
037813  Harrison, T.D.,2001 Length-weight relationships of fishes from South African estuaries. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 17(1):46-48.
038544  Blaber, S.J.M., J.W. Young and M.C. Dunning,1985 Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 36:247-266. 261
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040509  Allen, G.R.,1999 Ambassidae. (= Chandidae). Perchlets, glassfishes. p. 2433-2455. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
043640  Shaji, C.P., P.S. Easa and A. Gopalakrishnan,2000 Freshwater fish diversity of Western Ghats. p. 33-35. In Ponniah, A.G. and A. Gopalakrishnan. (eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India. 1, 347 p. 35
043641  Gopalakrishnan, A. and A.G. Ponniah,2000 Cultivable, ornamental, sport and food fishes endemic to peninsular India with special reference to Western Ghats. p. 13-32. In A.G. Ponniah and A. Gopalakrishnan (eds.) Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India. 1, 347 p.
045205  U.P. Visayas Foundation,1993 Resource and ecological assessment of Ormoc Bay. Vol.5. The fisheries of Ormoc Bay. Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanology Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. IMFO Tech. Rep. No.15. 81
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 377
045674  Pauly, D.,1982 The fishes and their ecology. p.15-33. In D. Pauly and A.N. Mines (eds.) Small-scale fisheries of San Miguel Bay, Philippines: biology and stock assessment. ICLARM Techn. Rep. 7, 124 p. 27
046206  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2003 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003.
046970  Van Quan, N.,2003 List of 400 marine Vietnamese names from museum records of Haiphong Institute of Oceanography. Personal Communication, May 2003. (word file).
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 425
048455  Kuo, S.-R., H.-J. Lin and K.-T. Shao,1999 Fish assemblages in the mangrove creeks of northern and southern Taiwan. Estuaries 22(4):1004-1015. 1008
048660  Keith, P., E. Vigneux and P. Bosc,1999 Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce de La Réunion. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines Naturels 39:136p. 98-99
050614  Dahanukar, N., R. Raut and A. Bhat,2004 Distribution, endemism and threat status of freshwater fishes in the Western Ghats of India. J. Biogeogr 31:123-136. 135
051036  Anonymous,2003 Assessment of mangrove degradation and resilience in the Indian subcontinent: the cases of Godavari estuary and south-west Sri Lanka. Final Report ICO-DC: IC18-CT98-0295.
051086  Varjo, M., L. Koli and H. Dahlström,2004 Kalannimiluettelo (versio 10/03). Suomen Biologian Seura Vanamo Ry.
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
052331  Seegers, L., L. De Vos and D.O. Okeyo,2003 Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Kenya (excluding the lacustrine haplochromines from Lake Victoria). J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. 92:11-47. 42
053568  Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin,2004 An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3):199-216. 210
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058534  Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen,2006 Biodiversity and living resources of the coral reef fishes in Vietnam marine waters. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi. 53
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
080679  BFAR,1996 Rapid Resource Appraisal of Taal Lake. Fisheries Component. First Report. UPLB Foundation Inc. and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. App.1
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
087596  Rajan, P.T., C.R. Sreeraj and T. Immanuel,2011 Fish fauna of coral reef, mangrove, freshwater, offshore and seagrass beds of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Zoological Survey of India, Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Haddo, Port Blair.
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
094637  Cornish, A.S.,2000 Fish assemblages associated with shallow, fringing coral communities in sub-tropical Hong Kong: species composition, spatial and temporal patterns. Hong Kong: Pok Fu Lam, University of Hong Kong, PhD Thesis, 300 p. Tab.2.2; App.2.1
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
097399  Khin, M.S and D.O. Stanley,2011 Fishery resources of the Wunbaik reserved mangrove forest. FAO-UN, Myanmar Publication 2011/04, 125p. 11
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
117436  Lavergne, E., U. Zajonz, F. Krupp, F. Naseeb and M.S. Aideed,2016 Diversity and composition of estuarine and lagoonal fish assemblages of Socotra Island, Yemen. J. Fish Biol. 88(5):2004-2026.
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118794  Palla, H.P., H.B. Pagliawan, E.F. Rodriguez, B.S.M.G.T. Cacho, B.J. Gonzales, C. Bonnell and T. Fowler,2018 Length-weight relationship of marine fishes from Palawan, Philippines. The Palawan Scientist 10:17-28. 21;Tab.1
119095  Editing group for the fishes of Fujian Province.,1985 Fishes of Fujian Province, Volume 2. Fujian Science and Technology Press, 734 pp. 4
119494  Wilson, K.D.P.,2003 Artificial reefs and reef fish in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Friends of the Country Parks & Cosmos Books Ltd., 176p. 64
119713  Leung, A.W.Y.,2003 Temporal trends in fish abundance and species composition on an open access artificial reef in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, M.Phil. Thesis, 187p. 97; Tab.4.7
121464  Chong, V.C., A. Sasekumar, M.U.C. Leh and R. D'Cruz,1990 The fish and prawn communities of a Malaysian coastal mangrove system, with comparisons to adjacent mud flats and inshore waters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 31(5):703-722. 709;tab.1
122095  Karna, S.K., M. Mukherjee, Y. Ali, R.K. Manna and V.R. Suresh,2020 Length-weight relations of fishes (Actinopterygii) from Chilika Lagoon, India. Acta Ichthyol. Et Pisc. 50(1):93-96. 95
125407  Tai, K.K.,2005 Ecological status and conservation of soft shore habitats in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Kowloon, City University of Hong Kong, MSc Thesis, 267 p. Tab.18
125515  Nip, T.H.M. and C.K. Wong,2010 Juvenile fish assemblages in mangrove and non-mangrove soft-shore habitats in eastern Hong Kong. Zool. Stud. 49(6):760-778. Tab.3
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