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References using Makaira nigricans
Ref No. Description Page
000043  Nakamura, I.,1985 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(5):65p. Rome: FAO. 33
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 56
000592  Wass, R.C.,1984 An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Natl. Ocean. Atmos. Adminis. Tech. Rept., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., Spec. Sci. Rept. Fish. (781). 31
001001  Skillman, R. and M. Young,1976 Von Bertalanffy growth curves for striped marlin, Tetrapterus audax and blue marlin, Makaira nigricans in the North Central Pacific. Fish. Bull. 74(3):553-566.
001623  Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith,1963 The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown. 215 p. 43
002886  Prince, E.D.,1991 Estimating age and growth of young Atlantic blue marlin Makaira nigricans from otolith microstructure. Fish. Bull. 89(3):441-459.
003166  Bianchi, G.,1986 Fichas FAO de identifacao de espécies para propósitos comerciais. Guia de campo para as espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Angola. Preparado com o apoio da NORAD e da FAO (FIRM) Programa Regular, FAO, Rome. 184 p. 93
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
003669  Torres, F.S.B. Jr.,1991 Tabular data on marine fishes from Southern Africa, Part II: Growth parameters. Fishbyte 9(2):37-38.
003670  van der Elst, R.,1981 A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. C. Struik, Cape Town. 367 p.
003678  Torres, F.S.B. Jr.,1991 Tabular data on marine fishes from Southern Africa, Part I. Length-weight relationships. Fishbyte 9(1):50-53.
004680  Block, B.A., D. Booth and F.G. Carey,1992 Direct measurement of swimming speeds and depth of blue marlin. J. Exp. Biol. 166:267-284.
004699  International Game Fish Association,1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.
004751  Rivas, L.R.,1968 Fishermen's atlas of monthly sea surface temperatures for the Gulf of Mexico. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C., Circular 300. 33 p.
004770  Nakamura, I.,1986 Istiophoridae. p. 1000-1005. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. 1002-1003
004931  FAO,1992 FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.
005217  Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez,1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. 343
005288  Edwards, A.,1990 Fish and fisheries of Saint Helena Island. Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
005951  Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott,1988 Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:731 p. 468-9
006401  Lehtonen, H.,1990 Kalannimistö: suomi, latina, ruotsi, norja, englanti, saksa ja ranska. (Fish names: Finnish, Latin, Swedish, Norwegian, English, German and French.). Riista-ja kalatalouden tutkimuslaitos. Kalatutkimuksia-Fiskundersökningar. No 12. Helsinki. Finland. (Publication of the Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute.) (in Finnish).
006659  Heemstra, P.C.,1986 Istiophoridae. p. 839-841. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 840
007137  South Pacific Regional Environment Programme,1985 Traditional tuna fishing in Tokelau. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme Topic Review No. 27. 47 p. 8
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 264
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009258  Armitage, R.O., D.A. Payne, G.J. Lockley, H.M. Currie, R.L. Colban, B.G. Lamb and L.J. Paul (eds.),1994 Guide book to New Zealand commercial fish species. Revised edition. New Zealand Fishing Industry Board, Wellington, New Zealand, 216 p. 139
009574  Lindsey, C.C.,1978 Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York.
010415  Adams, T. and P. Dalzell,1994 Artisanal fishing. Paper presented at the Workshop on Marine/Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region, 2-9 November 1994, East West Centre, Honolulu, Hawaii. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 19 p. 16
010819  Nakamura, I.,1990 Xiphiidae. p. 997-998. In J. C. Quéro, J. C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
010820  Nakamura, I.,1990 Istiophoridae. p. 999-1007. In J. C. Quéro, J. C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. 1003
011441  Randall, J.E.,1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. 378;fig1071
013613  Sánchez, A.C.,1997 Listado taxonomico de las especies marinas identificadas en los océanos Pacífico y Atlántico (Caribe) de Nicaragua. Ministerio de Economía y Desarrollo. MEDE PESCA. Managua. 28 p. 16
013628  Cervigón, F.,1994 Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 3. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 295 p. 234-5,289,290
026180  Ogden, J.C., J.A. Yntema and I. Clavijo,1975 An annotated list of the fishes of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Spec. Publ. No. 3. 41
026335  Costa, F.,1991 Atlante dei pesci dei mari italiani. Gruppo Ugo Mursia Editore S.p.A. Milano, Italy. 438 p. 158
026340  Claro, R.,1994 Características generales de la ictiofauna. p. 55-70. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo.
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 56
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 655
026999  Sanches, J.G.,1991 Catálogo dos principais peixes marinhos da República de Guiné-Bissau. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 16:429 p. 242
027000  Reiner, F.,1996 Catálogo dos peixes do arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Port. Invest. Mar. 2:339 p. 255
027121  Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer,1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome. 265p. 132,174,223
027363  Nakamura, I., T. Inada, M. Takeda and H. Hatanaka,1986 Important fishes trawled off Patagonia. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo. 369 p. 49
030426  Randolph, S. and M. Snyder,1993 The seafood list: FDA's guide to acceptable market names for seafood sold in interstate commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, USA. pag. var. 21
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031522  Gibbons, S.,1999 Collect fish on stamps. Stanley Gibbons Ltd., London and Ringwood. 418 p.
033268  Klawe, W.L.,1980 Classification of the tunas, mackerels, billfishes, and related species, and their geographical distribution. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna Comm., Spec. Rep. 2:5-16. 15
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
035105  Harpin, S.,1995 Dictionnaire encyclopédique des technologies créoles (créole-français). La pêche à la Martinique. AMEP Ed. Fort de France. 173 p.
035204  Santos, R.S., F.M. Porteiro and J.P. Barreiros,1997 Marine fishes of the Azores: annotated checklist and bibliography. Bulletin of the University of Azores. Supplement 1. 244 p. 109
036453  Figueiredo, J.L. and N.A. Menezes,2000 Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. VI.Teleostei (5). Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. Brazil. 116 p. 26
036613  Ramjohn, D.D.,2000 Trinidad and Tobago marine species. An annotated and illustrated guide. Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. 82 p. 37
036731  Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer,1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome. 265 p. 187
037413  da Silva Monteiro, V.M.,1998 Peixes de Cabo Verde. Ministério do Mar, Gabinete do Secretário de Estado da Cultura. M2-Artes Gráficas, Lda., Lisbon. 179p. 160,161
038265  Nomura, H.,1984 Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Brasília: Editerra. 482p.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
038913  de Godoy, M.P.,1987 Peixes do estado de Santa Catarina. Editora da UFSC, co-edição ELETROSUL e FURB, Florianópolis. 571p.
039152  Stancioiu, S.,1987 Ihtiologie sistematica. MEI-Universitatea din Galati, Atelierul de multiplicare-legatorie, Cda. Nr. 1785/3,03,86.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 86
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041469  Pollnac, R.B. and M.L.G. Gorospe,1998 Aspects of the human ecology of the coral reefs of Atulayan Bay. p. 77-139. In R.B. Pollnac (ed.) Rapid assessment of management parameters for coral reefs. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island. CMR 2205, ICLARM 1445. 125
041508  Pimenta, E.G., F.R. Marques, G.S. Lima and A.F. Amorim,2001 Marlin project: tag-and-release,biometrics and stomach content of billfish in Cabo Frio City, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT 53:371-375. 374;tab.9
042062  Brandão, J.M.,1964 Glossário de nomes dos peixes: sistemático, português, inglês. Boletim de Estudos de Pesca 4(6):1-59.
042071  Szpilman, M.,2000 Peixes marinhos do Brasil: guia prático de identificação. Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Ecológico Aqualung. 288 p.
042072  Suzuki, C.R.,1986 Guia de peixes do litoral brasileiro. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Edições Marítimas. 394 p.
044187  Fedoryako, B.I.,1980 The Ichthyofauna of the surface waters of Sargasso sea south-west of Bermuda. J.Ichthyol. 20(4):1-9. 3
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 658
046682  Block, B.A., D.T. Booth and F.G. Carey,1992 Depth and temperature of the blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, observed by acoustic telemetry. Mar. Biol. 114(2):175-183. 175-183
050307  Martin, F.D. and J.W. Patus,1984 An annotated key to the teleost fishes of Puerto Rico. Compendio Enciclopedico de los Recursos Nat. 5:1-191. 156
050345  Quignard, J.P. and J.A. Tomasini,2000 Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 7(3):1-66. 44
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051759  Júnior, T.V., C.M. Vooren and R.P. Lessa,2004 Feeding habits of four species of Istiophoridae (Piscea: Perciformes) from northeastern Brazil. Environ. Biol. Fishes 70:293-304. 298
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 177
052987  Nakamura, I.,2003 Istiophoridae. Billfishes (spearfishes, marlins, and sailfishes). p. 1860-1866. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals.
053190  Uchida, R.N.,1983 Summary of environmental and fishing information on Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: A review of the plankton communities and fishery resources. NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFC-33, 159 p. 23
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 55
054621  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2005 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of May 2005. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in May 2005.
054734  Pinheiro, L.A. and F.L. Frédou,2004 Caracterização geral de pesca industrial desembarcada no estado do pará. Rev. Científica de UFPA Vol. 4.
054735  Wheeler, A.C., N.R. Merrett and D.T.G. Quigley,2004 Additional records and notes for Wheeler's (1992) List of the Common and Scientific Names of Fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl.B):1-40. 20
054736  Nión, H., C. Ríos and P. Meneses,2002 Peces del Uruguay: Lista sistemática y nombres comunes. Montevideo, DINARA, Infopesca. 39
054854  Okeyo, D.O.,2005 Fishes of Namibia. Unpublished compilation of D.O. Okeyo.
055783  Mohamed Fall, K.O.,2005 Fishes of Mauritania. Unpublished compilation of K.O. Mohamed Fall.
056479  Gómez-Canchong, P., L. Manjarrés M., L.O. Duarte and J. Altamar,2004 Atlas pesquero del area norte del Mar Caribe de Colombia. Universidad del Magadalena, Santa Marta. 230 p. 115
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058302  Mundy, B.C.,2005 Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704. 509
058971  Erdman, D.S.,1983 Nombres vulgares de los peces en Puerto Rico (Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Technical report, vol 3. no. 2, second revised edition. 44 p. 11
072381  Paul, L.,2000 New Zealand fishes. Identification, natural history and fisheries. Reed Books, Auckland. 133
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p. 1781
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
076866  Satoh, K., K. Yokawa, H. Saito, H. Matsunaga, H. Okamoto and Y. Uozumi,2004 Preliminary stomach contects analysis of pelagic fish collected by Shoyo-Maru 2002 research cruise in the Atlantic Ocean. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 56(3):1096-1114. 1103
080860  Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura,2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
081512  Matsumoto, T, H. Saito and Miyabe N.,2003 Report of observer program for Japanese tuna longline fishery in the Atlantic Ocean from September 2001 to March 2002. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT 55(4):1679-1718. 1702
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084358  Collette, B.B., J.R. McDowell and J.E. Graves,2006 Phylogeny of recent billfishes (Xiphioidei). Bull. Mar. Sci. 79(3):455-468. 458,468;tab.1
084765  De Sylva, D.P.,1979 Istiophoridae. p. 446-448. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 479
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
086779  Collette, B.B. and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.),2002 Bigelow and Schroeder’s fishes of the Gulf of Maine, third ed. Caldwell, N.J. : Blackburn Press, 577 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 514
086942  Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez,2011 Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463. 442
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095489  Goren, M.,2014 The fishes of the Mediterranean: a biota under siege. pp. 385-400. In Goffredo, S. and Z. Dubinsky. 2014. The Mediterranean Sea: its history and present challenges. Springer Netherlands. 655 pp. 389
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
098447  Wirtz, P., J. Bingeman, J. Bingeman, R. Fricke, T.J. Hook and J. Young,2017 The fishes of Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean: new records and an annotated checklist. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 97(4):783-798. 793;Fig.15(Photo Fresh)
098752  Sadio, O.,2014 Common names of some fish species in Senegal. Unpublished compilation of O. Sadio.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105471  eElurikkus,2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
108053  Misselis, C.,2015 La biodiversité du pélagos et du benthos profond dans l'archipel des Australes. p. 69-79 Salvat, B.; Bambridge, T.; Tanret, D.; Petit, J. 2015 Environnement marin des îles Australes, Polynésie française. Institut Récifs Coralliens Pacifique, CRIOBE et The Pew Charitable Trusts Polynésie française. Polynésie française, Tahiti, p. 342. 231
109649  Pinto, M.F., J.S. Mourão and R.R. Alves Nóbrega,2016 How do artisanal fishermen name fish? An ethnotaxonomic study in northeastern Brazil.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118628  Palomares, M.L.D., R. Froese, B. Derrick, S.-L. Nöel, G. Tsui, J. Woroniak and D. Pauly,2018 A preliminary global assessment of the status of exploited marine fish and invertebrate populations. A report prepared by the Sea Around Us for OCEANA. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, p. 64.
119740  Shimose, T., H. Shono, K. Yokawa, H. Saito and K. Tachihara,2006 Food and feeding habits of blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, around Yonaguni Island, southwestern Japan. Bulletin of Marine Science 79(3):761-775. 765
120179  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro, K.M. Kleisner and H. Winker,2017 Estimating fisheries reference points from catch and resilience. Fish and Fisheries 18(3):506-526.
120707  Andrews, A.H., Humphreys Jr. and J.D. Sampaga,2018 Blue marlin (Makaira nigricans longevity estimates confirmed with bomb radiocarbon dating. Can. J. Fish. Aquat, Sci. 75:17-25. 17-25
123526  Garcés, H. B.,2020 Lista sistemática preliminar de los peces marinos comerciales del Pacifico de Panama. Tecnociencia, 23(1):198-237. 219
124174  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro and H. Winker,2021 User Guide for CMSY++. GEOMAR, Germany, 17 p.
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