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References using Lethrinus obsoletus
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000393  Rau, N. and A. Rau,1980 Commercial marine fishes of the Central Philippines (bony fish). German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Germany. 623 pp. 330
001602  Myers, R.F.,1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. 145,147,56C
001623  Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith,1963 The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown. 215 p. 31
002293  Loubens, G.,1980 Biologie de quelques espèces de poissons du lagon Néo-Calédonien. II. Sexualité et reproduction. Cah. Indo-Pac. 2(1):41-72.
002295  Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen,1989 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. 77-78;fig.135;pl.Vl,37
002334  Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene,1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. 201
002928  Johannes, R.E.,1981 Words of the lagoon: fishing and marine lore in the Palau district of Micronesia. University of California Press, Berkley. 245 p.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004895  Kitalong, A.H. and P. Dalzell,1994 A preliminary assessment of the status of inshore coral reef fish stocks in Palau. Inshore Fish. Res. Tech. Doc. No. 6, South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia.
005213  Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral and A. Massinga,1990 Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p. 128
005399  McManus, J.W., C.L. Nañola Jr., R.B. Reyes Jr. and K.N. Kesner,1992 Resource ecology of the Bolinao coral reef system. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 22:117 p. 87
005525  Kulbicki, M., G. Mou Tham, P. Thollot and L. Wantiez,1993 Length-weight relationships of fish from the lagoon of New Caledonia. Naga ICLARM Q. 16(2-3):26-29.
005756  Mohsin, A.K.M., M.A. Ambak and M.N.A. Salam,1993 Malay, English, and scientific names of the fishes of Malaysia. Occas. Publ. Fac. Fish. Mar. Sci. Univ. Pertanian Malays. 11:226 p.
006026  Leblic, I. and M.-H. Teulières,1987 Systemes techniques et sociaux d'exploitation traditionnelle des ressources marines des pêcheurs kanaks du nord et du sud de la Calédonie. Rapport pour les Appels d'Offre Appartenance Régionale et Identité Culturelle 1983. Transmission des Savoirs 1984.
006771  Kailola, P.J.,1991 The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. III. Gobiidae to Molidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. 153 p. 531
006867  Talwar, P.K. and R.K. Kacker,1984 Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 997 p. 616
006956  De la Paz, R.M., N. Aragones and D. Agulto,1988 Coral-reef fishes off western Calatagan, Batangas (Luzon Island, Philippines) with notes on new and rare captures and controversial taxa. Philipp. J. Sci. 117:237-318. 244
009070  Wantiez, L.,1993 Les poissons des fonds meubles du lagon Nord et de la Baie de Saint-Vincent de Nouvelle-Calédonie: Description des peuplements, structure et fonctionnement des communautés. Ph.D. Thesis, Université d' Aix-Marseille II, France. 129
009399  Allen, G.R. and W.F. Smith-Vaniz,1994 Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Res. Bull. 412:21 p. 11
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 53.6
009775  Carpenter, K.E.,1997 Lethrinidae. Emperor snappers. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Western Central Pacific.
011228  Heemstra, P.C.,1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. xii
011298  De Bruin, G.H.P., B.C. Russell and A. Bogusch,1995 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The marine fishery resources of Sri Lanka. Rome, FAO. 400 p. 239
011303  Randall, J.E. and C. Anderson,1993 Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyol. Bull. of the J.L.B. Smith Inst. of Ichthyol. (59):1-47. 20
011441  Randall, J.E.,1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. 221;fig.570-571
011889  Thollot, P.,1996 Les poissons de mangrove du lagon sud-ouest de Nouvelle-Calédonie. ORSTOM Éditions, Paris. 68,305
013236  Kulbicki, M. and J.T. Williams,1997 Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvea Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Res. Bull. 444:26 p.
013300  David, G.,1985 Pêche de subsistance et milieu naturel: les mangrove de Vanuatu et leur intérêt halieutique. Notes et documents d'océanographie. Mission ORSTOM de Port-Vila, 13:67 p. multigr.
026367  Foale, S.,1998 What's in a name? An analysis of the West Nggela (Solomon Islands) fish taxonomy. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin No. 9:3-19. 12
026587  Letourneur, Y., M. Kulbicki and P. Labrosse,1998 Length-weight relationships of fish from coral reefs and lagoons of New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific Ocean: an update. Naga ICLARM Q. 21(4):39-46.
027157  Kunzmann, A., J.E. Randall and I. Suprihanto,1998 Checklist of the shore fishes of the Mentawai Islands, Nias Island and the Padang region of West-Sumatra. Naga ICLARM Q. 22(1):4-10.
028618  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished.
028620  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's underwater photos. Collection of almost 2,000 underwater photos (slides). Unpublished.
028989  Abo, T., B. Bender, A. Capelle and T. DeBrum,1976 Marshallese English Dictionary. Pail Language Texts. Micronesia.
030573  Sommer, C., W. Schneider and J.-M. Poutiers,1996 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Rome. 376 p. 252
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031667  Anonymous,1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
036648  Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.),2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. 620
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037631  Zajonz, U., M. Khalaf and F. Krupp,2000 Coastal fish assemblages of the Socotra Archipelago. p.127-170. In Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity of Socotra Archipelago: marine habitat, biodiversity and fisheries surveys and management. Progress Report of Phase III. Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt. 154
037816  Myers, R.F.,1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. 156
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041464  Allen, G.R.,1998 Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In T. Werner and G. Allen (eds). A rapid biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. RAP Working Papers 11, Conservation International, Washington, D.C. 15
041878  Gell, F.R. and M.W. Whittington,2002 Diversity of fishes in seagrass beds in the Quirimba Archipelago, northern Mozambique. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 53:115-121. 117
045419  Dantis, A.L. and P.M. Aliño (comps.),2002 Checklist of Philippine reef fishes. p. 208-226. In Aliño, P.M.,E.F.B.Miclat,C.L.Nañola Jr.,H.A.Roa-Quiaoit and R.T.Campos(eds.) Atlas of Philippine coral reefs.Philippine Coral Reef Information (Philreefs). Goodwill Trading Co.,Inc.(Goodwill Bookstore),Quezon City,Philippines. xvi + 264p. 217
047567  Allen, G.R. and M. Adrim,2003 Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72. 40
047702  Kumaran, M. and S. Jones,1980 Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago. Kerala Mathrubhumi Press. 333
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 232
048613  Werner, T.B. and G.R. Allen,2000 A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the Calamianes Islands, Palawan province, Philippines. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 17. Washington, D.C.:Conservation International. 104
048635  Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka,2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 1-302. 265;fig.A-B
051015  Garpe, K.C. and M.C. Öhman,2003 Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania: fish-habitat interactions. Hydrobiologia 498:191-211. 210
051139  Nakamura, Y., M. Horinouchi, T. Nakai and M. Sano,2003 Food habits of fishes in a seagrass bed on a fringing coral reef at Iriomote Island, southern Japan. Ichthyol. Res. 50:15-22. 20
053416  World Wide Fund for Nature (Philippines),2004 Annual Ecosystem Research & Monitoring Reports. Tubbataha Conservation Project. WWF-Philippines. Electronic file.
054980  Randall, J.E.,2005 Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p. 278
055784  Nghia, N.V.,2005 Fishes of Viet Nam. Unpublished compilation of Nguyen Viet Nghia.
055787  Kulbicki, M., N. Guillemot and M. Amand,2005 A general approach to length-weight relationships for New Caledonian lagoon fishes. Cybium 29(3):235-252.
055797  Kulbicki, M., Y.-M. Bozec, P. Labrosse, Y. Letourneur, G. Mou-Tham and L. Wantiez,2005 Diet composition of carnivorous fishes from coral reef lagoons of New Caledonia. Aquat. Living Resour. 18:231-250. 247
057038  To be filled,2005 Tubbataha List (Electronic file). Angelique Songco (pers.comm).
058021  Khalaf, M.A.,2004 Fish fauna of the Jordanian Coast, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Marine Sciences 15(1):23-50. 6
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058534  Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen,2006 Biodiversity and living resources of the coral reef fishes in Vietnam marine waters. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi. 60
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p. 1238
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
081519  Taquet, M. and A. Diringer,2007 Poissons de l'Océan Indien et de la mer Rouge. Versailles (France): Éditions Quæ. 527 p. 248
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084159  Golani, D. and S. V. Bogorodsky,2010 The fishes of the Red Sea - reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa 2463:1-135. 34
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
086942  Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez,2011 Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463. 401
087596  Rajan, P.T., C.R. Sreeraj and T. Immanuel,2011 Fish fauna of coral reef, mangrove, freshwater, offshore and seagrass beds of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Zoological Survey of India, Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Haddo, Port Blair.
087788  Moldzio, S.,2011 Checklist of species from Marsa Shagra, Egypt. Personal Communication. Provided Excel file and photos.
087848  May, D.,2005 Folk taxonomy of reef fish and the value of participatory monitoring in Wakatobi National Park, southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 18: 18-35. 30
089972  Bacchet, P., T. Zysman and Y. Lefèvre,2006 Guide des poissons de Tahiti et ses îles. Tahiti (Polynésie Francaise): Éditions Au Vent des Îles. 608 p. 266
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
090102  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. 498
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
100752  Koshiba, S., M. Gouezo, L. Rehm, D. Olsudong, G. Mereb and R. Jonathan,2014 Baseline assessment of Ngeruangel Marine Reserve. Palau International Coral Reef Center, PICRC Technical Report No. 15-03, 21 p. 15
101097  Justine, J.L., I. Beveridge, G.A. Boxshall, R.A. Bray, F. Moravec and I.D. Whittington,2010 An annotated list of fish parasites (Copepoda, Monogenea, Digenea, Cestoda and Nematoda) collected from Emperors and Emperor Bream (Lethrinidae) in New Caledonia further highlights parasite biodiversity estimates on coral reef fish. Zootaxa 2691(2691):1-40. 6
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
101627  Kerr, V.C.,2013 A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of the northwest lagoon, between Koumac and Yandé, Province Nord, New Caledonia. BioOne Research Evolved:160-178. 165
103751  Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y. and M. Liu,2008 Functional hermaphroditism in teleosts. Fish Fish. 9(1):1-43. 17
107020  Ebisawa, A.,2006 Reproductive and sexual characteristics in five Lethrinus species in waters off the Ryukyu Islands. Ichthyol. Res. 53:269-280. 269-280
107629  Samaniego, B.R.,2015 Changes in the fish and benthic communities within marine protected areas of difference ages in Batangas, Verde Island Passage, and the perceived benefit of reef fishers. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna. 151 pp.
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
107958  Kanikawa, K.T., E. Cruz, T.E. Essington, J. Hospital, J.K.T. Brodziak and T.A. Branch,2015 Length-weight relationships for 85 fish species from Guam. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:1171-1174. 1172
114805  Torres, F. Jr.,2017 Species list for the five municipalities in Southern Palawan. Personal Communication [31/03/17].
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
116843  Ebisawa, A. and T. Ozawa,2009 Life-history traits of eight Lethrinus species from two local populations in waters off the Ryukyu Islands. Fish. Sci. 75:553-566.
118235  Morais, R.A. and D.R. Bellwood,2018 Global drivers of reef fish growth. Fish and Fisheries 2018:1-16.
118264  Taylor, B.M., Z.S. Oyafuso and M.S. Trianni,2017 Life history of the orange-striped emperor Lethrinus obsoletus from the Mariana Islands. Ichthyological Research 64(4):423-432.
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118580  SCRFA, Science and Conservation of Fish Aggregations,2018 SCRFA database. Web online database. SCRFA. [2013-onwards].
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
118793  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2013 Coral reef fishes of Timor-Leste. p. 33-82. In G.R. Allen and M.V. Erdmann (eds). A rapid biological assessment of Timor-Leste. Conservation International. 67;AnnexI
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