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References using Megalops atlanticus
Ref No. Description Page
000032  Randall, J.E.,1968 Caribbean reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., The British Crown Colony of Hong Kong. 318 p. 20
000033  Randall, J.E.,1967 Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. Miami 5:665-847. 676
000063  ASIH, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists,1984 Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Based on an international symposium dedicated to the memory of Elbert Halvor Ahlstrom, 15-18 August 1983, La Jolla, California. Spec. Publ. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. 1:ix, 760 p.
000068  Fahay, M.,1983 Guide to the early stages of marine fishes occuring in the Western North Atlantic Ocean, Cape Hatteras to the Southern Scotian Shelf. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 4:1-423. 42-43
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 74; 628-629
003166  Bianchi, G.,1986 Fichas FAO de identifacao de espécies para propósitos comerciais. Guia de campo para as espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Angola. Preparado com o apoio da NORAD e da FAO (FIRM) Programa Regular, FAO, Rome. 184 p. 15
003501  Daget, J.,1984 Megalopidae. p. 32-33. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. 33
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
005521  Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin,1993 Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. 38
005951  Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott,1988 Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:731 p. 73-74
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 27
006466  Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister and J.R. Stauffer,1980 Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History. 867 p. 57
008971  Doucette, A.J. Jr. and J.M. Fitzsimons,1988 Karyology of elopiform and clupeiform fishes. Copeia 1988(1):124-130. 126
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 143.1
009975  Crabtree, R.E., E.C. Cyr and J.M. Dean,1995 Age and growth of tarpoon, Megalops atlanticus, from south Florida waters. Fish. Bull. 93:619-628.
009976  Ferreira de Menezes, M. and M. dos Santos Pinto,1966 Notes on the biology of tarpon, Tarpon atlanticus (Cuvier and Valenciennes), from coastal waters of Ceará, Santa Fé, Brazil. Arq. Ciênc. Mar. 6(1):83-98.
010870  Crabtree, R.E., E.C. Cyr, R.E. Bishop, L.M. Falkenstain and J.M. Dean,1992 Age and growth of tarpon, Megalops atlanticus, larvae in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, with notes on relative abundance and probable spawning areas. Environ. Biol. Fishes 35(4):361-370.
010871  Smith, D.G.,1980 Early larvae of the tarpon, Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes (Pisces: Elopidae), with notes on spawning in the Gulf of Mexico and the Yucatan Channel. Bull. Mar. Sci. 30(1):136-141.
011225  Kenny, J.S.,1995 Views from the bridge: a memoir on the freshwater fishes of Trinidad. Julian S. Kenny, Maracas, St. Joseph, Trinidad and Tobago. 98 p. 43
011824  Claro, R. and J.P. García-Arteaga,1994 Crecimiento. p.321-402. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanologia Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo (CIQRO), México.
013442  Randall, J.E.,1996 Caribbean reef fishes. Third Edition - revised and enlarged. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 3nd ed. 368 p. 25-26
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
026338  Sierra, L.M., R. Claro and O.A. Popova,1994 Alimentacion y relaciones tróficas. p. 263-284. In Rodolfo Claro (ed.) Ecología de los Peces Marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo, Mexico.
026362  Barton, M and C. Wilmhoff,1996 Inland fishes of the Bahamas - new distribution records for exotic and native species from New Providence Island. Bahamas J. Sci. 3(2):7-11. 9
026409  García-Cagide, A., R. Claro and B.V. Koshelev,1994 Reproducción. p. 187-262. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Inst. Oceanol. Acad. Cienc. Cuba. and Cen. Invest. Quintana Roo (CIQRO) México.
026556  Anonymous,1979 Groot Surinaams kookboek met exotische creoolse, hindoestaanse, indonesische, chinese en europese recepten. Stichting Eerste Surinaamse Huishoud-en Nijverheidsschool te Paramaribo. 178
026840  Jacobs, N.D.,1998 Assessment and analysis of the fisheries sector and marine coastal areas. Belize National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (UNDP/GEF-Project No. BZE/97/G31). ann.I
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 302
026987  Austin, H. and S. Austin,1971 The feeding habits of some juvenile marine fishes from the mangroves in western Puerto Rico. Caribb. J. Sci. 11(3-4):171-178. 172
027286  Alleng, G.P.,1997 The fauna of the Port Royal Mangal, Kingston, Jamaica. Stud. Nat. Hist. Caribb. Reg. 73:25-42. 35
027549  Murdy, E.O., R.S. Birdsong and J.A. Musick,1997 Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Smithsonian Institution Press Washington and London. 324 p. 60
027620  Silva, M.,1994 Especies identificadas en las pesquerias costeras artesanales del Suroeste de la Republica Dominica. Reportes del Propescar-Sur: contribuciones al conocimiento de las pesquerías en la República Dominicana. Vol. 1, 47p. 01-9
030498  Titiati, E.K.,1970 Some common names of fresh-water fishes of Ghana in Latin, English, Ewe and Ga-adangbe. Manuscript Fisheries Dept., Volta Lake Research Project, 5 p. 3
030499  Greenfield, D.W. and J.E. Thomerson,1997 Fishes of the continental waters of Belize. University Press of Florida, Florida. 311 p. 15
030556  Diaw, A.A.,1976 Un vocabulaire Wolof de la faune au Senegal. Les Langues Nationales au Senegal no. 67. Centre de Linguistique Appliquee de Dakar. 22
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033198  Crabtree, R.E., E.C. Cyr, D.C. Chaverri, W.O. McLarney and J.M. Dean,1997 Reproduction of tarpon, Megalops atlanticus, from Florida and Costa Rican waters and notes on their age and growth. Bull. Mar. Sci. 61(2):271-285. 275
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
034634  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
035205  Zaneveld, J.S.,1983 Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean). E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p. 14
036613  Ramjohn, D.D.,2000 Trinidad and Tobago marine species. An annotated and illustrated guide. Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. 82 p. 38
038265  Nomura, H.,1984 Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Brasília: Editerra. 482p.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
038913  de Godoy, M.P.,1987 Peixes do estado de Santa Catarina. Editora da UFSC, co-edição ELETROSUL e FURB, Florianópolis. 571p.
039247  Cailliet, G.M., A.H. Andrews, E.J. Burton, D.L. Watters, D.E. Kline and L.A. Ferry-Graham,2001 Age determination and validation studies of marine fishes: do deep-dwellers live longer?. Exp. Geront. 36:739-764.
039261  Andrews, A.H., E.H. Burton, K.H. Coale, G.M. Cailliet and R.E. Crabtree,2001 Radiometric age validation of Atlantic tarpon, Megalops atlanticus. Fish. Bull. 99(3):389-398.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 22
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
042064  Carvalho-Filho, A.,1999 Peixes: costa Brasileira. 3ª edicão. Melro, São Paulo. 320 p. 42
042067  Lima, H.H. and A.M. Oliveira,1978 Segunda contribuição ao conhecimento dos nomes vulgares de peixes marinhos do nordeste brasileiro. Boletim de Ciências do Mar(29):1-26.
042071  Szpilman, M.,2000 Peixes marinhos do Brasil: guia prático de identificação. Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Ecológico Aqualung. 288 p.
042072  Suzuki, C.R.,1986 Guia de peixes do litoral brasileiro. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Edições Marítimas. 394 p.
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 247
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 18
050891  Ferraris, C.J. Jr.,2003 Arapaimatidae (Bonytongues). p. 31. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. 32
051024  Hureau, J.-C. and T. Monod (eds.),1979 Supplement. Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean. p.339-394. In J.-C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean.United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris, France. Vols 1-2. 683 p. 343
051054  Hanel, L. and J. Novák,2001 ?eské názvy zivo?ich? V. Ryby a rybovití obratlovci (Pisces) II., nozdratí (Sarcopterygii), paprskoploutví (Actinopterygii) [chrupav?ití (Chondrostei), kostnatí (Neopterygii): kostlíni (Semionotiformes) - bezostní (Clupeiformes)]. Národní muzeum (zoologické odd?leí), Praha.
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
051848  Nahím, H.R. and F. Cervigón,2003 Peces del archipiélago Los Roques. Agencia Española de Cooperacíon Internacional. 304 p. 77
051849  Lasso, C.A., O.M. Lasso-Alcalá, A. Pombo and M. Smith,2004 Distribution of fish species among localities during the AquaRAP survey of the Gulf of Paria and Orinoco delta, Venezuela. p. 315-319. In Rapid assessment of the biodeiversity and social aspects of the aquatic ecosystems of the Orinoco delta and the Gulf of Paria, Venezuela. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 37. Conservation International. Washington DC, USA. 360p. 315
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 59
052348  Arronte, J.C., J.A. Pis-Millán, M.P. Fernández and L. Garcia,2004 First records of the subtropical fish Megalops atlanticus (Osteichthyes: Megalopidae) in the Cantabrian Sea, northern Spain. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 84(5):1091-1092. 1091
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 35
054734  Pinheiro, L.A. and F.L. Frédou,2004 Caracterização geral de pesca industrial desembarcada no estado do pará. Rev. Científica de UFPA Vol. 4. 7
054735  Wheeler, A.C., N.R. Merrett and D.T.G. Quigley,2004 Additional records and notes for Wheeler's (1992) List of the Common and Scientific Names of Fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl.B):1-40. 5
055254  Florida Museum of Natural History,2005 Biological profiles: tarpon. Retrieved on 26 August 2005, from Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History: Education-Biological Profiles. FLMNH, University of Florida.
055783  Mohamed Fall, K.O.,2005 Fishes of Mauritania. Unpublished compilation of K.O. Mohamed Fall.
056247  Séret, B. and P. Opic,1997 Poissons de mer de l'ouest Africain tropical. ORSTOM. Initiations-documentations techniques. 84
057616  Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff,2005 Reef fish community structure in Bocas del Toro (Caribbean, Panamá): Gradients in habitat complexity and exposure. Caribbean J. Sci. 41(3):613-637. 634
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
074541  Wirtz, P., R. Fricke and M.J. Biscoito,2008 The coastal fishes of Madeira Island - new records and an annotated check-list. Zootaxa 1715:1-26. 5
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078646  Leal-Flórez, J., M. Rueda and M. Wolff,2008 Role of the non-native fish Oreochromis niloticus in the lon g-term variations of abundance and species composition of the native ichthyofauna in a Caribbean estuary. Bull. Mar. Sci. 82(3):365-380. 368
079544  de Boer, B., D. Hoogerwerf, I. Kristensen and J. Post,1973 Antillean fish guide. STINAPA No. 7. Curaçao (Netherlands Antilles): Caribbean Marine Biological Institute. 15
079883  Ferraris, C.J. Jr.,2003 Family Megalopidae (Tarpons). p. 32. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. 32
080860  Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura,2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
083266  Matamoros, W.A., J.F. Schaefer and B.R. Kreiser,2009 Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of continental and insular Honduras. Zootaxa 2307:1-38. 1-38
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
086779  Collette, B.B. and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.),2002 Bigelow and Schroeder’s fishes of the Gulf of Maine, third ed. Caldwell, N.J. : Blackburn Press, 577 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 90
086940  Poll, M.,1953 Expédition océanographique belge dans les eaux côtières africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Résultats scientifiques. Volume IV, fascicule 2. Poissons III. Téléostéens malacoptérygiens. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles. 258 pp. 8
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
093252  Murdy, E.O. and J.A. Musick,2013 Field guide to fishes of the Chesapeake Bay. JHU Press, 360 p. 68-69;Drawing
093687  Adams, A.J., Horodskym A.Z., R.S. McBride, K. Guindon, J. Shenker, T.C. McDonald, H.D. Harwell, R. Ward and K. Carpenter,2013 Global conservation status and research needs for tarpons (Megalopidae), ladyfishes (Elopidae) and bonefishes (Albulidae). Fish and Fisheries 15:280-311 280-311
094080  Wirtz, P., A. Brito, J.M. Falcón, R. Freitas, R. Fricke, V. Monteiro, F. Reiner and O. Tariche,2013 The coastal fishes of the Cape Verde Islands - new records and an annotated check-list. Spixiana 36(1):113-142. 117
094476  Kottelat, M.,2013 The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 2013 (Suppl. 27):1-663. 34
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
095977  Smith-Vaniz, W.F. and H.L. Jelks,2014 Marine and inland fishes of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands: an annotated checklist. Zootaxa 3803(1):1-120. 22
096293  Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden and J.S. Nelson,2013 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, 7th edition. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, 384 p. 59
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
103182  Trindade-Santos, I. and K.M.F. Freire,2015 Analysis of reproductive patterns of fishes from three large marine ecosystems. Front. Mar. Sci. 2:38. 38
104121  Alves, M.I.M. and H. de H. Lima,1978 Sobre a época de desova de alguns peixes marinhos do estado do Ceará, Brasil. Bol. Ciên. Mar 30:1-7. 1-7
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118628  Palomares, M.L.D., R. Froese, B. Derrick, S.-L. Nöel, G. Tsui, J. Woroniak and D. Pauly,2018 A preliminary global assessment of the status of exploited marine fish and invertebrate populations. A report prepared by the Sea Around Us for OCEANA. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, p. 64.
120641  Skelton, P.H.,2019 Chapter 11. The freshwater fishes of Angola. p. 207-242. In B.J. Huntley, V. Russo, F. Lages and N. Ferrand (eds.) Biodiversity of Angola. Science & conservation: a modern synthesis. Springer Nature Switzerland AG, Cham, Switzerland. 549 p. 214
123526  Garcés, H. B.,2020 Lista sistemática preliminar de los peces marinos comerciales del Pacifico de Panama. Tecnociencia, 23(1):198-237. 212
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