References Used for Xenomystus nigri
n = 78
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Reference no. Description Year Name Used Page
3022 Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Volume seventh. Trustees of the British Museum, London. 512 p. 1868 Xenomystus nigri -->
1879 Boulenger, G.A., 1901. Les poissons du bassin du Congo. Bruxelles. 532 p. 1901 Xenomystus nigri 118
31439 Boulenger, G.A., 1907. Zoology of Egypt: the fishes of the Nile. Hugh Rees, Limited, London. 578p. 1907 Xenomystus nigri -->
1880 Boulenger, G.A., 1916. Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume IV. London. 392 p. 1916 Xenomystus nigri 170
41594 Nichols, J.T. and L. Griscom, 1917. Fresh-water fishes of the Congo basin obtained by the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 37(25):653-756. 1917 Xenomystus nigri 674
42035 Pellegrin, J., 1930. Poissons de l'Ogôoué, du Kouilou, de l'Alima et de la Sangha recueillis par M.A. Baudon. Description de cinq espèces et cinq variétés nouvelles. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 55:196-210. 1930 Notopterus nigri 205
53208 Pellegrin, J., 1934. Sur une collection de poissons du Moyen-Congo recueillie par Madame Petit-Renaud. Ann. Soc. Sci. Nat. Charente-Inf., Nvelle Sér., 1(7):121-127. 1934 Xenomystus nigri 123
41585 Poll, M., 1959. Recherches sur la faune ichthyologique de la région du Stanley-Pool. Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Sér. In-8°, Sci. Zool., 71:75-174. 1959 Xenomystus nigri 125
46861 Lambert, J., 1961. Contribution à l'étude des poissons de forêt de la cuvette congolaise. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., série in-8°, Sci. Zool., 93:7-40. 1961 Xenomystus nigri 9
72462 Altman, P.L. and D.S. Dittmer, 1962. Growth, including reproduction and morphological development. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1962 Xenomystus nigri -->
4910 Gosse, J.P., 1963. Le milieu aquatique et l'écologie des poissons dans la région de Yangambi. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sér. in-8°, Sci. Zool., 116:113-270. 1963 Xenomystus nigri 178
44840 Daget, J. and A. Stauch, 1963. Poissons de la rive droite du Moyen-Congo. Mission A. Stauch (février-avril 1961). Bull. Inst. Rech. Sci. Congo 2:41-48. 1963 Xenomystus nigri 43
367 Blache, J., 1964. Les poissons du bassin du Tchad et du bassin adjacent du Mayo Kebbi. Étude systématique et biologique. Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M. 4(2):483 p. 1964 Xenomystus nigri 12
41580 Matthes, H., 1964. Les poissons du lac Tumba et de la région d'Ikela. Étude systématique et écologique. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., série in-8°, Sci. Zool. 126:204 p. 1964 Xenomystus nigri 25
205 Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 1966 Xenomystus nigri 634-635
45441 Gosse, J.-P., 1968. Les poissons du bassin de l'Ubangi. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Doc. Zool., 13:56 p. 1968 Xenomystus nigri 15
2209 Hinegardner, R. and D.E. Rosen, 1972. Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Am. Nat. 106(951):621-644. 1972 Xenomystus nigri -->
3036 Lowe-McConnell, R.H., 1972. Keys for the field identification of freshwater fishes likely to occur in or above the new man-made lakes, Lake Volta in Ghana and the Kainji Lake on the River Niger in Nigeria. Ghana Universities Press, Accra. 22 p. 1972 Xenomystus nigri -->
29528 Uyeno, T., 1973. A comparative study of chromosomes in the teleostean fish order Osteoglossiformes. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 20(4):211-217. 1973 Xenomystus nigri -->
48321 Ricker, W.E., 1973. Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 1973 Xenomystus nigri 238
4743 Kamara, A.B., 1977. A list of the estuarine and marine fishes and some shellfishes of Sierra Leone, with their common names in either Krio or English. Bull. Inst. Mar. Biol. Oceanogr., Fourah Bay Coll., Univ. Sierra Leone, 2(1):47-53. 1977 Xenomystus nigri -->
58999 Iscandari, N., 1977. A list of the freshwater fishes and some shrimps of Sierra Leone with their vernacular names in Mende, Temne and Limba. Bull. Inst. Mar. Biol. Oceanogr., Fourah Bay Coll., Univ. Sierra Leone, 2(1):54-56. 1977 Xenomystus nigri 30
105472 Pihu, E., 1979. Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn. 1979 Xenomystus nigri -->
8973 Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 1980 Xenomystus nigri 6
27563 Sola, L., S. Cataudella and E. Capanna, 1981. New developments in vertebrate cytotaxonomy III. Karyology of bony fishes: A review. Genetica 54:285-328. 1981 Xenomystus nigri 291
9363 Uyeno, T., R.R. Miller and J.M. Fitzsimons, 1983. Karyology of the Cyprinodontoid fishes of the Mexican family Goodeidae. Copeia 1983(2):497-510. 1983 Xenomystus nigri -->
30503 Rass, T.S., 1983. Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V.E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575p. 1983 Xenomystus nigri -->
3516 Daget, J., 1984. Notopteridae. p. 61-62. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. 1984 Xenomystus nigri 62
7020 Mills, D. and G. Vevers, 1989. The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Tetra Press, New Jersey. 208 p. 1989 Xenomystus nigri 52
51906 Ankei, Y., 1989. Folk knowledge of fish among the Songala and the Bwari: comparative ethnoichthology of the Lualaba River and Lake Tanganyika fishermen. Afr. Stud. Monogr. 9(Suppl.):1-88. 1989 Xenomystus nigri 29;fig.
2703 Lévêque, C.D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.), 1990. Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome 1. Coll. Faune Tropicale N° 28. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique et O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, France. 384 p. 1990 Xenomystus nigri -->
2917 Bigorne, R., 1990. Notopteridae. p. 119-121. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. tome 1. Faune Trop. 28. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, and ORSTOM, Paris. 1990 Xenomystus nigri -->
1672 Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch, 1991. Aquarien Atlas. Band. 1. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Germany. 992 p. 1991 Xenomystus nigri 856
4517 Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1991 Xenomystus nigri -->
4537 Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. 1991 Xenomystus nigri 25
6313 Grabda, E. and T. Heese, 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish). 1991 Xenomystus nigri -->
51193 Vivien, J., 1991. Faune du Cameroun. Guide des mammifères et poissons. GICAM et Ministère de la Coopération et du Développement. 271 p. 1991 Xenomystus nigri 99
7431 Roberts, T.R., 1992. Systematic revision of the old world freshwater fish family Notopteridae. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 2(4):361-383. 1992 Xenomystus nigri -->
30491 Schliewen, U.K., 1992. Aquarium fish. Barron's Education Series, Incorporated. 159 p. 1992 Xenomystus nigri 150
9959 Blake, R.W., 1993. The kinematics and performance of escape responses of the knifefish Xenomystus nigri. Can. J. Zool. 71(1):189-195. 1993 Xenomystus nigri -->
13331 Paugy, D., K. Traoré and P.S. Diouf, 1994. Faune ichtyologique des eaux douces d'Afrique de l'Ouest. p.35-66. In G.G. Teugels, J.F. Guégan and J.J. Albaret (eds.) Biological diversity of African fresh-and brackish water fishes. Geographical overviews presented at the PARADI Symposium, Senegal, 15-20 November 1993. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 275:177 p. 1994 Xenomystus nigri ann.
13455 Roberts, T.R. and S.O. Kullander, 1994. Endemic cichlid fishes of the Fwa River, Zaire: systematics and ecology. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 5(2):97-154. 1994 Xenomystus nigri 101
28714 Bailey, R.G., 1994. Guide to the fishes of the River Nile in the Republic of the Sudan. J. Nat. Hist. 28:937-970. 1994 Xenomystus nigri 937-970
34370 Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften. 1995 Xenomystus nigri -->
13371 Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch, 1996. Aquarien Atlas, Band 1. 10th edition. Mergus Verlag GmBH, Melle, Germany. 992 p. 1996 Xenomystus nigri 856
12818 Anonymous, 1997. Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium. 1997 Xenomystus nigri -->
31256 Olaosebikan, B.D. and A. Raji, 1998. Field guide to Nigerian freshwater fishes. Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New Bussa, Nigeria. 106 p. 1998 Xenomystus nigri 17,84
30184 Arkhipchuk, V.V., 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk. 1999 Xenomystus nigri -->
31402 Swedish Museum of Natural History, 1999. Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden. 1999 Xenomystus nigri -->
31517 Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p. 1999 Xenomystus nigri -->
31982 Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). 1999 Xenomystus nigri -->
35508 Anonymous, 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). 2000 Xenomystus nigri -->
38732 Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes. 2001 Xenomystus nigri -->
40919 Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. 2001 Xenomystus nigri -->
51054 Hanel, L. and J. Novák, 2001. České názvy zivočichů V. Ryby a rybovití obratlovci (Pisces) II., nozdratí (Sarcopterygii), paprskoploutví (Actinopterygii) [chrupavčití (Chondrostei), kostnatí (Neopterygii): kostlíni (Semionotiformes) - bezostní (Clupeiformes)]. Národní muzeum (zoologické odděleí), Praha. 2001 Xenomystus nigri -->
41414 Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA. 2002 Xenomystus nigri -->
50787 Ogandagas, C., 2003. National Report. Marine biodiversity in Gabon - the known and the unknown. p. 75-85. In C. Decker, C. Griffiths, K. Prochazka, C. Ras and A. Whitfield (eds.) Marine biodiversity in sub-saharan Africa: the known and unknown. 2003 Xenomystus nigri 81
51471 Carl, H., 2003. Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished. 2003 Xenomystus nigri -->
52397 Mdaihli, M., T. du Feu and J.S.O. Ayeni, 2003. Fisheries in the southern border zone of Takamanda Forest Reserve, Cameroon. p. 141-154. In J.A. Comiskey and T.C.H. Sunderland (eds). Takamanda: the Biodiversity of an African forest. SI/MAB Ser. 8. 182 p. 2003 Notopterus nigri 154
52867 Magomna, O., 2003. Noms communs de poissons tchadien en langue Kim. p. 234-242. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281p. 2003 Xenomystus nigri 234
52869 Mve, R.O. and J.D. Mbega, 2003. Noms communs d'espèces importantes de poisson en langue Fang, Gabon. p. 243-245. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p. 2003 Xenomystus nigri 245
58108 Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database. 2003 Xenomystus nigri -->
81273 Bigorne, R., 2003. Notopteridae. p. 151-154. In D. Paugy, C. Lévêque and G.G Teugels (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa Volume 1. Coll. faune et flore tropicales 40. Institut de recherche de développement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France and Musée royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 457p. 2003 Xenomystus nigri -->
51086 Varjo, M., L. Koli and H. Dahlström, 2004. Kalannimiluettelo (versio 10/03). Suomen Biologian Seura Vanamo Ry. 2004 Xenomystus nigri -->
81634 Hopkins, C.D., 2007. Notopteridae. p. 212-218. In M.L.J. Stiassny, G.G. Teugels and C.D. Hopkins (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. Volume I. Collection Faune et Flore tropicales 42. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, and Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 800 pp. 2007 Xenomystus nigri -->
75549 FAO-FIES, 2008. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008. 2008 Xenomystus nigri -->
83882 FAO-FIES, 2010. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010. 2010 Xenomystus nigri -->
90062 FAO-FIES, 2012. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012. 2012 Xenomystus nigri -->
93897 Monsembula Iyaba, R.J.C. and M.L.J. Stiassny, 2013. Fishes of the Salonga National Park (Congo basin, central Africa): a list of species collected in the Luilaka, Salonga, and Yenge Rivers (Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of Congo). Check List 9(2):246-256. 2013 Xenomystus nigri 251
95632 FAO-FIES, 2014. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014. 2014 Xenomystus nigri -->
98754 Lingofo Bolaya, R., 2014. Common names of some fish species found in the Isangi Territory (Tshopo District, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo). Unpublished compilation of R. Lingofo Bolaya. 2014 Xenomystus nigri -->
101110 FAO-FIES, 2015. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015]. 2015 Xenomystus nigri -->
106245 Moelants, T., 2015. Diversity and ecology of the ichthyofauna of the Middle and Upper Congo basin: a case-study in the region of the Wagenia falls (Democratic Republic of the Congo). KULeuven, Faculty of Science, Leuven (Belgium), 320p. 2015 Xenomystus nigri 65
106290 Decru, E., 2015. The ichthyofauna in the Central Congo basin: diversity and distribution in the north-eastern tributaries. KULeuven, Faculty of Science, Leuven (Belgium), 303p. 2015 Xenomystus nigri 35
117394 Sukhum, K.V., M.K. Freiler, R. Wang and B.A. Carlson, 2016. The costs of a big brain: extreme encephalization results in higher energetic demand and reduced hypoxia tolerance in weakly African fishes. Proc. R. Soc. B 283:2016-2157. 2016 Xenomystes nigri Suppl1
115257 FAO-FIES, 2017. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017). 2017 Xenomystus nigri -->
118272 FAO-FIES, 2018. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018] 2018 Xenomystus nigri -->
124477 Zamba, A.I., E. Vreven, V. Mamonekene, T. Musschoot, H.F.P. Ngot and J. Snoeks, 2020. Length-weight relationships of 37 freshwater fish species from the Lefini river, middle Congo River basin (Republic of the Congo). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 36:352-357. 2020 Xenomystus nigri Tab.1
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