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References Used for Fishes of Polypteridae
( Bichirs )
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[ n = 361 ] 
Abdel-Latif, A.-F., 1974 Fisheries of Lake Nasser. Aswan Regional Planning, Lake Nasser Development Centre, Aswan, Arab Republic of Egypt. 235 p.
Aboua, B.R.D., 2014 Common names of some freshwater fish species found in central Côte d'Ivoire. Unpublished compilation of B.R.D. Aboua.
Aboua, B.R.D., G. N'Zi Konan, M. Bamba and E.P. Kouamelan, 2015 Ichthyologic diversity of Bandama River basin (Côte d'Ivoire): an update and environmental influences on fish distribution. Eur. Sci. J. 11(12):99-116.
Abu Gideiri, Y.B., 1967 Fishes of the Blue Nile between Khartoum and Roseires. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 76(3-4):345-348.
Adams-Sow, A. (ed.), 1996 Poissons et Pêches du Fleuve Sénégal. Fédération des Paysans Organisés du Département de Bakel, Dakar, Sénégal. 106 p.
Adite, A. and R. van Thielen, 1995 Ecology and fish catches in natural lakes of Benin, West Africa. Environ. Biol. Fishes 43(4):381-391.
Albaret, J.-J., 1982 Reproduction et fécondité des poissons d'eau douce de Côte d'Ivoire. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 15(4):347-371.
Albaret, J.-J., 1994 Les poissons, biologie et peuplements. pp. 239-279. In Durand, J.-R., P. Dufour, D. Guiral and S.G.F. Zabi (eds.), Environnement et ressources aquatiques de Côte d'Ivoire. Tome II. Les milieux lagunaires. Éditions de l'O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris. 550 p.
Albert, J.S., R. Froese, R. Bauchot and H. Ito, 1999 Diversity of brain size in fishes: preliminary analysis of a database including 1174 species in 45 orders. p. 647-656. In B. Seret and J.-Y. Sire (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference, Noumea, New Caledonia, 3-8 November 1997. Societe Française d'Ichtyologie, Paris, France.
Angel, F., 1962 Atlas des poissons. IV. Poissons des eaux douces. Espèces exotiques et d'ornement. Aquariophilie. Éditions N. Boubée et Cie., Paris:181 p.
Ankei, Y., 1989 Folk knowledge of fish among the Songala and the Bwari: comparative ethnoichthology of the Lualaba River and Lake Tanganyika fishermen. Afr. Stud. Monogr. 9(Suppl.):1-88.
Anonymous, 1997 Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.
Anonymous, 1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
Anonymous, 2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
Anonymous, 2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
Anonymous, 2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
Anonymous, 2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
Anonymous, 2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
Anonymous, 2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
Anonymous, 1999 Fish collection database of the National Museums of Kenya. National Museums of Kenya, P.O. Box 40658, Nairobi, Kenya.
Anonymous, 1996 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Arkhipchuk, V.V., 1999 Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.
Arnoult, J., 1965 Contribution à la faune du Congo (Brazzaville) (Mission A. Descarpentries et A. Villiers). XI. Poissons dulcaquicoles. Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 27(3):1188-1191.
Ayres, W.O., 1850 Description of a new species of Polypterus, from West Africa. Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6(2):241-246.
Bader, R., 1972 Eine Schlange im Aquarium? Der Flösselaal "schlängelt" sich bei Gefahr davon. Aq. Mag. 6(7):304-305.
Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1985 Aquarien atlas. Band 2. Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde GmbH, Melle, Germany. 1216 p.
Bailey, R.G., 1994 Guide to the fishes of the River Nile in the Republic of the Sudan. J. Nat. Hist. 28:937-970.
Banister, K.E. and R.G. Bailey, 1979 Fishes collected by the Zaïre River Expedition, 1974-75. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 66:205-249.
Bartley, D.M. (comp./ed.), 2006 Introduced species in fisheries and aquaculture: information for responsible use and control (CD-ROM). Rome, FAO.
Bartsch, P., 1997 Aspects of craniogenesis and evolutionary biology in polypteriform fishes. Neth. J. Zool. 47(4):365-381.
Bassleer, G., 2003 The new ilustrated guide to fish diseases in ornamental tropical and pond fish. Bassleer Biofish, Stationstraat 130, 2235 Westmeerbeek, Belgium, 1st Edition, 232 p.
Bell-Cross, G. and J. Kaoma, 1971 Additions and amendments to the check list of the fishes of Zambia - no. 3. Fish. Res. Bull. Zambia 5:235-244.
Bianco, P., 1981 Fish. p. 55-63. In L. Boitani (ed.) The Southern National Park. A master plan. Istituto di Zoologia, Facoltà di Scienze dell'Università di Roma (Italy). 220 p.
Blache, J., 1964 Les poissons du bassin du Tchad et du bassin adjacent du Mayo Kebbi. Étude systématique et biologique. Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M. 4(2):483 p.
Blache, J. and F. Miton, 1962 Première contribution à la connaissance de la pêche dans le bassin hydrographique Logone-Chari - Lac Tchad. Mém. O.R.S.T.O.M. 4(1):143 p.
Blanc, M., F. d'Aubenton, M. Ovazza and M. Valade, 1958 Recherches sur la prophylaxie de l'onchocercose en A.O.F. I. Étude hydrobiologique de la Bougouri-Bâ et essais de désinsectisation. Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 20(2):634-668.
Boeseman, M., 1957 On a collection of fishes from Stanley Pool (Belgian Congo). Zool. Meded. (Leiden) 35(11):139-151.
Boulenger, G.A., 1909 Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume I. Printed by order of the Trustees, London. 373 p.
Boulenger, G.A., 1901 Les poissons du bassin du Congo. Bruxelles. 532 p.
Boulenger, G.A., 1916 Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume IV. London. 392 p.
Boulenger, G.A., 1901 On the fishes collected by Dr. W.J. Ansorge in the Niger delta. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1901:4-10.
Boulenger, G.A., 1910 Descriptions of three new freshwater fishes from West Africa. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 8) 6:424-426.
Boulenger, G.A., 1900 List of the fishes collected by Mr. J.S. Budgett in the River Gambia. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1900:511-516.
Boulenger, G.A., 1902 Second account of the fishes collected by Dr. W.J. Ansorge in the Niger delta. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1902:324-330.
Boulenger, G.A., 1907 Zoology of Egypt: the fishes of the Nile. Hugh Rees, Limited, London. 578p.
Boulenger, G.A., 1902 List of the fishes collected by Mr. W.L.S. Loat at Gondokoro. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 7) 10:260-264.
Boulenger, G.A., 1907 List of the fishes collected by Mr. J.S. Budgett in the river Gambia. p. 95-99. In J.G. Kerr (ed.) The work of John Samuel Budgett. The University Press, Cambridge. 494 p.
Boulenger, G.A., 1898 On the species of Polypterus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 7) 2:416-420.
Boulenger, G.A., 1906 Fourth contribution to the ichthyology of Lake Tanganyika. Report on the collection of fishes made by Dr. W.A. Cunnington during the Third Tanganyika Expedition, 1904-1905. Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 17(6):537-600.
Boulenger, G.A., 1899 Poissons nouveaux du Congo. Quatrième Partie: Polyptères, Clupes, Mormyres, Characins. Ann. Mus. Congo, Zool. 1:59-96.
Boulenger, G.A., 1902 Additions à la faune ichthyologique du bassin du Congo. Ann. Mus. Congo, Zool. (1), 2(2):19-57.
Boulenger, G.A., 1920 Poissons recueillis au Congo belge par l'expédition du Dr. C. Christy. Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Zool. (1), 2(4):1-39.
Boulenger, G.A., 1911 Liste des poissons représentés dans une nouvelle collection de la rivière Sankuru (Kasaï) reçue de M.E. Luja. Bull. Soc. Nat. Luxemb. 21:218-225.
Boulenger, G.A., 1901 Third contribution to the ichthyology of Lake Tanganyika. Report on the collection of fishes made by Mr. J.E.S. Moore in lakes Tanganyika and Kivu during his second expedition, 1899-1900. Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 16:137-178.
Boulenger, G.A., 1898 Specimens of Polypterus lapradii Stdr., from the Lower Congo, provided with much developed external opercular gills as first described by Steindachner. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1898:493.
Boulenger, G.A., 1911 Description of a new fish of the genus Polypterus from Liberia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 8) 7:377-378.
Boulenger, G.A., 1887 On new fishes from the Lower Congo. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 5) 19:148-149.
Boulenger, G.A., 1896 Descriptions of new fishes from the Upper Congo. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 6) 17(41):309-311.
Boulenger, G.A., 1906 On a collection of fishes from Gallaland. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 7) 17:557-566.
Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen, 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p.
Britz, R., 2007 Polypteridae. p. 168-173. In M.L.J. Stiassny, G.G. Teugels and C.D. Hopkins (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. Volume I. Collection Faune et Flore tropicales 42. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, and Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 800 pp.
Britz, R., 2004 Polypterus teugelsi, a new species of bichir from the Upper Cross River system in Cameroon (Actinopterygii: Cladistia: Polypteridae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 15(2):179-186.
Britz, R. and P. Bartsch, 1998 On the reproduction and early development of Erpetoichthys calabaricus, Polypterus senegalus, and Polypterus ornatipinnis (Actinopterygii: Polypteridae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 9(4):325-334.
Britz, R. and R. Roesler, 2008 Erpetoichthys calabricus. Flösselaale erstmals nachgezogen. D.A.T.Z. 61(8):10-15.
Brown, M.E., 1957 Experimental studies on growth. p. 361-400. In M.E. Brown (ed.) The physiology of fishes. Volume I. Metabolism. Academic Press, New York. 447 p.
Budgett, J.S., 1901 On the breeding-habits of some West-African fishes, with an account of the external features in development of Protopterus annectens, and a description of the larva of Polypterus lapradei. Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 16(2):115-136.
Budgett, J.S., 1900 Observations on Polypterus and Protopterus. Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. 10:236-240.
Burgess, W.E., 1983 Bichirs and rope fish. Trop. Fish Hobbyist 31(5):14-17.
Cadenat, J. and F. Paraiso, 1951 Noms vernaculaires des principales formes d'animaux marins et des lagunes du Togo et du Dahomey. Notes Afr. 49:24-29.
Capanna, E. and S. Cataudella, 1973 The chromosomes of Calamoichthys calabaricus (Pisces, Polypteriformes). Experientia 29(4):491-492.
Carl, H., 2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
Casal, C.M.V., 2050 Introduced ornamental fishes in the Philippines. unpublished.
Cataudella, S., L. Sola and E. Capanna, 1978 Remarks on the karyotype of the Polypteriformes. The chromosomes of Polypterus delhezi, P. endlicheri congicus and P. palmas. Experientia 34(8):999-1000.
Chabanaud, P., 1934 Mission Jean Thomas en Afrique Équatoriale Française (septembre 1929 à mai 1930). Poissons (premier mémoire). Faune Colon. Fr. 5(4):195-231.
Chinese Academy of Fishery Science (CAFS), 2007 Database of genetic resources of aquatic organisms in China (as of January 2007). Chinese Academy of Fishery Science.
Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
Cihar, J., 1972 Revision der Fische der Familie Polypteridae aus den Sammlungen des Senckenberg-Museums in Frankfurt am Main. Senckenb. Biol. 53(3/4):219-223.
Copley, H., 1952 The game fishes of Africa. H.F. & G. Witherby Ltd., London. 276 p.
Copley, H., 1958 Common freshwater fishes of East Africa. H.F. & G. Witherby Ltd., London. 172p.
Copley, H., 1941 A short account of the fresh water fishes of Kenya. J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. 16:1-24.
Coulibaly, N.D., 2000 Noms communs et quelques significations pour les poissons commerciaux peches dans les Hauts-Bassins du fleuve Volta au Burkina Faso. MS.
Coulibaly, N.D., 2003 Common names of commercial fish species of the upper Volta Basin in Burkina Faso. p.215-222. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281p.
Cunnington, W.A., 1920 The fauna of the African lakes: a study in comparative limnology with special reference to Tanganyika. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1920:507-622.
Cuvier, G.L., 1829 Le règne animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Nouvelle édition, revue et augmentée. Tome II. Chez Déterville, Paris. 406 p.
Daget, J., 1979 Contribution à la faune de la République Unie du Cameroun. Poissons de l'Ayina, du Dja et du Bas Sanaga. Cybium 3(6):55-64.
Daget, J., 1950 Revision des affinités phylogénétiques des polyptéridés. Mém. I.F.A.N. 11:178 p.
Daget, J., 1954 Les poissons du Niger supérieur. Mém. I.F.A.N. 36:391 p.
Daget, J., 1948 La collection de poissons d'eau douce de l'I.F.A.N. Cat. I.F.A.N. 3:1-59.
Daget, J., 1957 Les poissons. p.113-168. In M. Blanc and J. Daget (eds.) Les eaux et les poissons de Haute-Volta. Mém. I.F.A.N. 50.
Daget, J., 1960 La faune ichtyologique du bassin de la Gambie. Bull. I.F.A.N. (A) 22(2):610-619.
Daget, J., 1961 Le parc national du Niokolo-Koba (deuxième fascicule). XXXV: Poissons. Mém. I.F.A.N. 62:325-372.
Daget, J., 1969 Poissons d'eau douce du Sénégal récoltés par MM. A. Villiers et C. Reizer. Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris, 2e Sér. 40(6):1114-1115.
Daget, J., 1957 Données récentes sur la biologie des poissons dans le delta central du Niger. Hydrobiologia 9(4):321-347.
Daget, J., 1948 Note sur les Polypterus du Niger moyen, notamment ceux de l'espèce senegalus. Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 20(1):82-86.
Daget, J., 1950 Poissons d'eau douce de la région côtiere du Togo et du Dahomey. Notes Afr. 46:57-59.
Daget, J., 1978 Contribution à la faune de la République Unie du Cameroun. Poissons du Dja, du Boumba et du Ngoko. Cybium 3(3):35-52.
Daget, J., 1963 La réserve naturelle intégrale du Mont Nimba. XXVII. Poissons (deuxième note). Mém. I.F.A.N. 66:573-600.
Daget, J., 1956 Le parc national du Niokolo-Koba. VII. Poissons. Mém. I.F.A.N. 48:167-169.
Daget, J., 1951 Poissons d'eau douce nouvellement entrés dans les collections de l'Ifan. Bull. I.F.A.N. 13(4):1141-1151.
Daget, J. and A. Iltis, 1965 Poissons de Côte d'Ivoire (eaux douces et saumâtres). Mém. I.F.A.N. 74:385 p.
Daget, J. and A. Stauch, 1963 Poissons de la partie camerounaise du bassin de la Bénoué. Mém. I.F.A.N. 68:85-107.
Daget, J. and A. Stauch, 1963 Poissons de la rive droite du Moyen-Congo. Mission A. Stauch (février-avril 1961). Bull. Inst. Rech. Sci. Congo 2:41-48.
Daget, J. and J.M. Ecoutin, 1976 Modèles mathématiques applicables aux poissons tropicaux subissant un arrêt prolongé de croissance. Cah. ORSTOM, sér. Hydrobiol. 10(2):59-69.
Daget, J., N. Planquette and P. Planquette, 1973 Premières données sur la dynamique des peuplements de poissons du Bandama (Côte d'Ivoire). Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris, 3e Sér., 151:129-143.
Dankwa, H.R., 2003 Traditional knowledge of freshwater fishes in some fishing communities in Ghana. p. 223-229. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14:281 p.
Dankwa, H.R., 2003 Biology of Polypterus senegalus (Pisces, Polyteridae) in the Pru River, Ghana. p. 23-24. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.) Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14: 281p.
Dankwa, H.R., E.K. Abban and G.G. Teugels, 1999 Freshwater fishes of Ghana: identification, distribution, ecological and economic importance. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool. 283:53 p.
David, L. and M. Poll, 1937 Contribution à la faune ichthyologique du Congo Belge: collections du Dr. H. Schouteden (1924-1926) et d'autres récolteurs. Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Zool. (1), 3(5):189-294.
De Vos, L., L. Seegers, L. Taverne and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 2001 L'ichtyofaune du bassin de la Malagarasi (système du lac Tanganyika): une synthèse de la connaissance actuelle. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 285:117-135.
Decru, E., 2015 The ichthyofauna in the Central Congo basin: diversity and distribution in the north-eastern tributaries. KULeuven, Faculty of Science, Leuven (Belgium), 303p.
Denton, T.E. and W.M. Howell, 1973 Chromosomes of the African polypterid fishes, Polypterus palmas and Calamoichthys calabaricus. Experientia 29(1):122-124.
Depasse, P., 1956 Monographie piscicole de la province orientale. Description du milieu limnologique; programme et réalisations en matière de pêche et de pisciculture. Bull. Agr. Congo Belge 47(4):959-1088.
Diouf, P.S., 1996 Les peuplements de poissons des milieux estuariens de l'Afrique de l'Ouest: L'exemple de l'estuaire hyperhalin du Sine-Saloum. Université de Montpellier II. Thèses et Documents Microfiches No.156. ORSTOM, Paris. 267 p.
Duméril, A., 1861 Reptiles et poissons de l'Afrique occidentale. Étude précédée de considérations générales sur leur distribution géographique. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, 10:137-161, 241-268.
Duméril, A.H.A., 1870 Histoire naturelle des poissons, ou ichthyologie générale. Tome 2. Ganoïdes, Dipnés, Lophobranches. Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret, Paris. 624 p.
Durand, J.R., 1970 Les peuplements ichtyologiques de l'El Beid. Première note: présentation du milieu et résultats généraux. Cah. O.R.S.T.O.M., sér. Hydrobiol. 4(1):3-26.
Durand, J.R., 1971 Les peuplements ichtyologiques de l'El Beid. 2e note. Variations inter et intraspécifiques. Cah. O.R.S.T.O.M., sér. Hydrobiol., 5(2):147-159.
Eccles, D.H., 1992 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (project URT/87/016). FAO, Rome. 145 p.
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Fowler, H.W., 1930 The fresh-water fishes obtained by the Gray African Expedition 1929. With notes on other species in the Academy collection. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 82:27-83.
Fowler, H.W., 1936 Zoological results of the George Vanderbilt African Expedition of 1934. Part III. The fresh water fishes. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 83:243-335.
Fowler, H.W., 1935 Scientific results of the Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition, March to September, 1930. Fresh-water fishes. Ann. Transv. Mus. 16(2):251-293.
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Geerling, C., 1973 Notes on the aquatic and amphibian fauna of the Gaji River, Yankari Game Reserve. Niger. Fld. 38(3):114-119.
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Getahun, A., 2007 An overview of the diversity and conservation status of the Ethiopian freshwater fauna. J. Afrotrop. Zool. Special Issue:87-96.
Gibbons, S., 1999 Collect fish on stamps. Stanley Gibbons Ltd., London and Ringwood. 418 p.
Giltay, L., 1930 Notes ichthyologiques. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 19(1):91-94.
Girgis, S., 1948 A list of common fish of the upper Nile with their Shilluk, Dinka and Nuer names. Sudan Notes Rec. 29(1):120-125.
Goffin, A., 1909 Les pêcheries et les poissons du Congo. Verteneuil et Desmet, Bruxelles. 231 p.
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Gosse, J.-P., 1990 Polypteridae. p. 79-87. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome 1. Coll. Faune Trop. n° XXVIII. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren and Éditions de l'ORSTOM, Paris. 384 p.
Gosse, J.-P., 1984 Polypteridae. p. 18-29. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). Volume I. ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. 410 p.
Gosse, J.-P., 1968 Les poissons du bassin de l'Ubangi. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Doc. Zool., 13:56 p.
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