Strongylura senegalensis (Valenciennes, 1846)
Senegal needlefish
Strongylura senegalensis
photo by Mamonekene, V.

Family:  Belonidae (Needlefishes)
Max. size:  150 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; brackish; marine; depth range - 0 m
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Senegal and Guinea to the Gulf of Guinea and Angola. Reported from the Gambia River (Ref. 28587).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-16; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 14-18. Diagnosis: body elongate; upper and lower jaws extremely long, forming a stout beak armed with strong teeth; nostrils in depression before eyes (nasal pit); gill rakers absent; pelvic fins abdominal; 13-16 dorsal-fin rays; no lateral keel on caudal peduncle; caudal fin emarginated (Ref. 57228). Description: anterior dorsal- and anal-fin rays forming prominent lobes; 113-137 predorsal scales (Ref. 57228). Coloration: back bluish-green, belly silvery; fine blue line can be seen along sides (Ref. 57228).
Biology:  Occurs in coastal areas and brackish lagoons. Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 28587). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 10 July 2012 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Torres, Armi G. - 06.03.94
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 18.07.13
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 30.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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