Parupeneus fraserorum Randall & King, 2009
Parupeneus fraserorum
photo by King, D.R.

Family:  Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Max. size:  22.3 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 40 - 81 m
Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and Madagascar.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 8-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 7-7; Vertebrae: 24-24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 16 or 17 pectoral-fin rays; 6 + 21 or 22 gill rakers; body depth 2.8-2.9 in SL; head length 2.8-2.9 in SL; snout length 1.8-1.85 in HL; posterior margin of maxilla symmetrically convex; barbels 1.3-1.35 in HL; third dorsal spine longest, 1.8-2.0 in HL; longest dorsal ray 3.15-3.3 in HL; penultimate dorsal-fin ray only slightly shorter than last ray; pectoral-fin length 1.2-1.25 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.5 in HL; in life, has an orange-yellow stripe following lateral line with body above the stripe pale brown and below stripe white with light blue iridescence centrally in each scale, posteriorly becoming a smaller, more defined spot; scale edges narrowly dark; upper end of gill opening with a dark brown spot about half pupil diameter in height; faint oblique blue lines anterior and posterior to eye; second dorsal and anal fins with wavy blue lines; caudal fin with iridescent blue longitudinal streaks; pectoral fins with a light red bar at base; white barbels (Ref. 82839).
Biology:  Inhabits sand bottom areas near edge of low profile reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in loose pairs (Ref. 82839).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 12 August 2019 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Type locality, KwaZulu-Natal, reef off Pumula (near Hibberdene), SAIAB 81385 (holotype of Parupeneus fraserorum, 15.45 cm SL) (Ref. 82839).

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 18.12.09

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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