Australoheros minuano Říčan & Kullander, 2008
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Family:  Cichlidae (Cichlids), subfamily: Cichlasomatinae
Max. size:  8.39 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  South America: Middle Río Uruguay, Brazil and Uruguay.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 16-16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 6-7; Anal soft rays: 8-9; Vertebrae: 26-26. This relatively elongated species which reaches more than 12 cm TL, is distinguished from all species except A. kaaygua in having a modal count of 12 pectoral fin rays; differs from A. facetus, cf. facetus, and guarani, by having modally 6 C1 gill rakers; differs facetus in not having an upwards directed mouth and a longer dorsal fin scale cover, covering bases of 7-8 last spines (vs. only 2-3). The same as A. kaaygua, it has yellowish ground color, but without the red corners of caudal fin (present in kaaygua, and also differs by being much less deep-bodied. Distinguished from all its congeners by pink to red dominant males (Ref. 74689).
Biology: 
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Type locality, Rio Grande do Sul, Arroyo Canoin, Rio Uruguai drainage, road from Pirapo to São Nicolau, MCP 12710 (holotype of Australoheros minuano, 7.08 cm SL). Known from the Middle and Lower Rio Uruguay (Ref. 74689).

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 19.03.08

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