Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe, 1852)
Silvery John dory
photo by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Family:  Zeidae (Dories)
Max. size:  80 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 3,200.0 g
Environment:  benthopelagic; marine; depth range 50 - 600 m,
Distribution:  Atlantic Western Indian Ocean: Somalia (Ref. 30573) and India to South Africa, but not in the Red Sea. Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to South Africa. Western Atlantic: Sable Island, Canada to northern North Carolina, USA (Ref. 7251) to northern Argentina (Ref. 27363). Reported from the Mediterranean (Ref. 93173). Reported from Indonesia (Ref. 5978) but not in the Pacific Ocean.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-26; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 24-26. Body silvery, with a dusky mid lateral spot just posterior to and slightly above end of pectoral fin (Ref. 4253). Fin membranes of spinous dorsal, pectoral, pelvic and caudal fins blackish (Ref. 27363).
Biology:  Frequently encountered in coastal waters (Ref. 27000). Occurs near the bottom or in midwater, over muddy substrates (Ref. 5377). Mesopelagic (Ref. 5951). Found in small schools (Ref. 4968). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 5213) and squids (Ref. 5951). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 27363.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 31 January 2013 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 19.11.12
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 31.08.94

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