Trichopodus pectoralis Regan, 1910
Snakeskin gourami
Trichopodus pectoralis
photo by JJPhoto

Family:  Osphronemidae (Gouramies), subfamily: Trichogastrinae
Max. size:  25 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 500.0 g
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater; pH range: 6 - 8.30000019073486; dH range: 2 - 3; depth range - 4 m, potamodromous
Distribution:  Asia: Mekong basin in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam; also Chao Phraya basin (Ref. 43281). Introduced elsewhere and at least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 7-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 9-12; Anal soft rays: 33-38. Dorsal fin with short spines and long soft rays. Caudal fin slightly emarginate. First soft ray of pelvic fins prolonged into a tentacle extending posteriorly to hind margin of caudal fin. Body with numerous dark oblique cross bands which are not always distinct; presence of irregular black stripe from eye to middle of caudal fin base (Ref. 43281).
Biology:  Found in shallow sluggish or standing-water habitats with a lot of aquatic vegetation. Occurs in flooded forests of the lower Mekong and gradually moves back to rivers and Great Lake as floodwaters recede (Ref. 12693, 57235). Generally feeds on aquatic plants. Can breathe air directly, as well as absorb oxygen from water through its gills (Ref. 9987). The flesh is of good quality; may be grilled or used for fish soup. In Thailand there is a trade of dried pla salid for the benefit of people in areas where it is not caught (Ref 2686). Cultured both for food and for export as aquarium fish (Ref. 9987). Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). Highly economic species; both by capture and culture includes in the peat areas (Ref. 57235).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 22 February 2012 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  potential pest
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 23.06.12
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 09.02.95

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