Salmo obtusirostris (Heckel, 1851)
Adriatic trout
photo by Plesko, S.

Family:  Salmonidae (Salmonids), subfamily: Salmoninae
Max. size:  70 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic, non-migratory
Distribution:  Europe: Adriatic basin in Krka, Jardo, Vrljika (Croatia), Neretva (Bosnia-Herzegovina) and Zeta drainages (Montenegro). Introduced and established from Jardo to Zrnovnica drainages (Croatia) around 1960.
Diagnosis:  Distinguished from all its congeners in Adriatic basin by having the following unique characters: lips fleshy; lateral line scales elliptical, reduced to little more than nerve tube, smaller than scales in adjacent rows; 100-120 scales along lateral line; 26-32 gill rakers. Differs further by the combination of the following features: jaw teeth small or indistinct; snout blunt; and mouth subinferior (Ref. 59043).
Biology:  Found in water courses at high altitude (Ref. 26100). Inhabits cold streams and small rivers, usually in deep, quiet places. Occurs in groups. Feeds on invertebrates. Spawns in April-May. Attains a maximum size of about 70 cm SL (Ref. 59043). Threatened by the construction of dams, introduction of new species and overfishing (Ref. 26100).
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN); Date assessed: 31 January 2006 (B2ab(v)) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Cruz, Tess - 03.08.92
Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 12.07.10
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 08.03.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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