Salmo dentex (Heckel, 1851)
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Family:  Salmonidae (Salmonids), subfamily: Salmoninae
Max. size:  88 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal
Distribution:  Europe: Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia (Adriatic basin from Krka to Aoos drainages); possibly present in Peloponnese, Greece (Alfios).
Diagnosis:  Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by having the following combination of characters: preanal length 77-80% SL; predorsal length 47-50% SL; interorbital distance 20-25% HL; head and body with small dark dots, especially in upper part; and dark red spots of different sizes, on whole flank, circled by bright pale rim (Ref. 59043).
Biology:  Inhabits lakes and large rivers. Spawns on gravel bottom. In Lake Skadar basin, overwinters in deep parts of lake and moves to main tributaries in summer (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 26100).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 05 March 2010 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 24.02.98
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 02.05.16

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