Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
photo by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Family:  Polyprionidae (Wreckfishes)
Max. size:  210 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 100 kg
Environment:  demersal; marine; depth range 40 - 600 m, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa (Ref. 6633), including the Mediterranean, Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde, and Tristan da Cunha. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada and Gulf of Maine to North Carolina, USA (Ref. 7251). Recorded from Uruguay to Argentina (Ref. 9050). Western Indian Ocean: St. Paul and Amsterdam islands (Ref. 6633). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755, 9072).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 10-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Bluish grey above, paler below with a silvery sheen; fins blackish brown (Ref. 6633). Juveniles have black blotches on head and body (Ref. 6633). Body tall, compressed. Big mouth with big head and a rough bony ridge across upper part of the gill cover (Ref. 35388).
Biology:  Adults prefer to inhabit caves and shipwrecks (Ref. 27121). Juveniles congregate below floating objects (Ref. 27121). Usually solitary. Feed on large crustaceans, cephalopods and benthic fishes (Ref. 27121). Spawn in the summer (Ref. 35388). Are primary gonochorists (Ref. 58421). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 6633.
IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered (CR); Date assessed: 30 April 2003 (A2abd) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Papasissi, Christine - 17.10.90
Modified by: Froese, Rainer - 23.01.08
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 01.09.94

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