Parupeneus orientalis (Fowler, 1933)
Rapanui goatfish
Parupeneus orientalis
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Max. size:  24.9 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; marine
Distribution:  Southeast Pacfiic: Easter Island.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 8-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal soft rays: 7-7; Vertebrae: 24-24. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 16-17 (three of four with 16). Gill rakers 7-8 + 27-29 (total 35-37). Body depth 2.95-3.3 in SL; head length (HL) 2.7-2.95 in SL; snout length 1.7-1.75 in HL; barbel length 1.45-1.7 in HL; third dorsal spine longest, 1.55-2.0 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray at most 1.1 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.4-1.5 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL. Body in life with a broad white stripe just above lateral line, bordered dorsally by a series of close-set black spots along uppermost row of scales; side of body below lateral line light brown with five large square blackish bars (each scale in bars with a black spot), the last anteriorly on caudal peduncle continuing dorsally across white stripe; head bluish gray dorsally with transverse rows of black spots on nape and interorbital; fins dusky to reddish (Ref. 54393).
Biology:  Stomach contents include a juvenile spiny lobster (Panulirus pascuensis) and small crabs (Ref. 54393).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 14.03.01
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 16.12.05

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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