Paragobiodon modestus (Regan, 1908)
Warthead goby
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Gobiidae (Gobies), subfamily: Gobiinae
Max. size:  3.5 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 3 - 15 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Marshall Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to eastern Australia (Ref. 33390).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 7-7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 9-10. Color pattern similar to P. echinocephalus (i.e. reddish orange head an black body and fins), but has shorter papillae on head. Midline of belly naked (Ref. 1602). Transverse scales 10-11. Mouth strongly curved downward; lips thick; chin heavy and square. Entire nape naked. Opercles with short, soft prickles or fibrils which also occur from lower margin of preopercles to mouth; ventrals also covered with similar prickles; dorsal fins very close together; dorsal base discontinuous; 2nd dorsal higher than 1st, posterior rays elongated; anal similar to 2nd dorsal but lower; caudal rounded; pectoral broad (Ref. 43541); characterized further by: longitudinal scale series 22-24; scales ctenoid except head, nape, pectoral region, breast and midventral portion of abdomen; complete pelvic fin frenum and basal membrane; depth of body at level of pelvic fins 3.0-3.4 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Occurs among the branches of live Pocillopora, in lagoons to a depth of at least 7 m (Ref. 1602). Also found among branches of Seriatopora corals in 3-15 m (Ref 90102).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 12 March 2015 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 25.04.96
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 05.04.13

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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