Oreochromis saka (Lowe, 1953)
photo by FAO

Family:  Cichlidae (Cichlids), subfamily: Pseudocrenilabrinae
Max. size:  36 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Africa: Endemic to Lake Malawi.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 15-17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-10; Vertebrae: 30-32. Breeding males black, in some with white or yellowish dorsal lappets. Testes broad, white and sinuous when fully ripe. Lower pharyngeal toothed area with concave sides; median length of bone 1.2-1.3 times its width and 35.5-39.2 % length of head; blade 1.3-2.1 times median length of toothed area. Caudal fin scaly.
Biology:  Occurs at a temperature range of 21.5-29.0 °C (Ref. 2). Inhabits very shallow and vegetated regions. Feeds on diatoms and debris collected from the bottom and from between vegetation (Ref. 5595).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 20.12.90
Modified by: Musschoot, Tobias - 16.01.06
Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 31.08.94

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