Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831)
Lesser devil ray
Mobula hypostoma
photo by Nunes, J.L.S.

Family:  Mobulidae (Devilrays)
Max. size:  120 cm WD (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; marine
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251) to Santos, Brazil (Ref. 26340) and Argentina (Ref. 58839). Eastern Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).
Diagnosis:  Cephalic fins smaller, tail longer without spine (Ref. 7251). Upper surface black (Ref. 6902).
Biology:  Occurs in shallow coastal waters (Ref. 12951). Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans but may take small schooling fishes (Ref. 12951). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Found singly, in small groups, and in schools (Ref. 12951). Swimming at high speed and often leap high above the surface (Ref. 6902). Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans, but also on small schooling fishes (Ref. 114953). Meat used for food and a source of oil (Ref. 6902).
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN); Date assessed: 08 November 2018 (A2cd+3d) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 19.08.19
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 03.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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