Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933
Longsnout seahorse
photo by Lourie, S.A.

Family:  Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses), subfamily: Hippocampinae
Max. size:  17.5 cm OT (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 0 - 55 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: North Carolina in USA, Bermuda (Ref. 9710) and Bahamas to Santa Catarina, Brazil (Ref. 57756). International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-19. Description: (based on 39 specimens): Adult height: 9.5-17.5cm. Rings: 11+35 (31-39). Snout length: 2.2 (2.0-2.5) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (16-19) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 16 (15-17). Coronet: low-medium, rounded, may be quite large and convoluted (like a crumpled piece of paper). Spines: none to low rounded tubercles. Other distinctive characters: broad, almost double cheek and eye spines; long, thick snout; narrow body; usually no skin appendages. Color pattern: often profusely spotted with brown, with numerous tiny white dots (especially on tail); may have paler ‘saddles’ across dorsolateral surfaces.
Biology:  Uncommon in most areas, but may be locally common in certain places. Usually attached to gorgonians or seagrasses but may occur in floating Sargassum or swimming freely in midwater (Ref. 9710). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35409). Length type refers to Height (= from top of coronet to the tip of straightened tail).
IUCN Red List Status: Near Threatened (NT); Date assessed: 04 October 2016 (A2d+4d) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 15.02.05
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 12.08.94

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