Etrumeus whiteheadi Wongratana, 1983
Whitehead's round herring
Etrumeus whiteheadi
photo by FAO

Family:  Dussumieriidae ()
Max. size:  22 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 200 m
Distribution:  Southeastern Atlantic to Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa (Walvis Bay to Durban) to southern Angola.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-20; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 12-13; Vertebrae: 50-50. Numerous branchiostegal rays (11 to 15); without pre-and post pelvic scutes; W-shaped pelvic scute; rectangular pre-maxillae; pelvic fins less advanced and the isthmus with lateral flanges or `shoulders' as compared to Dussumieria.
Biology:  Mainly an inshore species. Often forms shoals together with pilchard (Ref. 27121). Feeds on larger types of zooplankton (Ref. 27121).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 04 February 2009 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 25.03.13
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 15.07.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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