Encrasicholina macrocephala Hata & Motomura, 2015
Largehead anchovy
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Family:  Engraulidae (Anchovies), subfamily: Engraulinae
Max. size:  5.57 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; marine
Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Djibouti.
Diagnosis:  This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal and anal fins possess with 3 unbranched rays; with total pectoral-fin rays 11-14 (modally 13); pseudobranchial filaments 15-18; gill rakers on 1st arch 17-20 (19) in upper series, 21-25 (23) in lower, 40-45 (42) in total; prepelvic scutes 5-6 (5); large head, its length 29.5-31.7% (mean 30.4%) of SL; long upper jaw, its length 21.3-23.5% (mean 22.2%) of SL and its posterior tip extending beyond posterior margin of preopercle; long lower jaw, its length 19.5-21.2% (mean 20.3%) of SL; D-P1 short, 83.2-95.2% (mean 89.8%) of HL. (Ref. 101273)
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 28 February 2017 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 27.12.17

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