Echidna polyzona (Richardson, 1845)
Barred moray
photo by Adams, M.J.

Family:  Muraenidae (Moray eels), subfamily: Muraeninae
Max. size:  72.3 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 20 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 33390) to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0; Vertebrae: 132-137. Body grey with fine pale barring (Ref. 48635). Young with 25-30 dark brown bars separated by white narrow interspaces; bars become obscure with age where in large adults, the pattern becomes mottled brown; corner of mouth dark brown. Head usually lighter, yellowish with variable dark blotching (Ref. 48635). Description: Characterized by origin of dorsal fin anterior to gill opening; anus near middle of body; without canine teeth; conical to rounded molariform jaw teeth; broad plate vomer of molariform teeth (up to over 50 in large individuals) (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Inhabits reef flats, clear shallow lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans during both day and night (Ref. 9710).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 16 August 2011 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 15.04.92
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 08.02.13
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 12.05.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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