Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes, 1847
Rainbow sardine
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Dussumieriidae ()
Max. size:  20 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; depth range 10 - 20 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (and perhaps south to Somalia), along the coasts of Pakistan, India and Malaysia to Indonesia (Kalimantan) and the Philippines. Earlier records included Dussumieria elopsoides.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 14-18. Branchiostegal rays fewer (12 to 15) and posterior part of scales marked with numerous tiny radiating striae. Color is iridescent blue with a shiny gold or brass line below (quickly fading after death); hind margin of tail broadly dark. W-shaped pelvic scute; isthmus tapering evenly forward; more anal fin rays.
Biology:  Mainly a pelagic inshore species (Ref. 68964). Earlier studies on the habitat and biology may have equally referred to D. elopsoides which this species closely resembles. Can also be caught with ringnets and dipnets. Occurrence reportedly reaches inland (Ref. 94476).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 02 March 2017 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 30.10.15
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 18.03.94

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