Dermatopsoides andersoni Møller & Schwarzhans, 2006
Anderson's mudbrotula
photo by P.R. Møller & W. Schwarzhans

Family:  Dinematichthyidae (Viviparous brotula)
Max. size:  3.9 cm SL (male/unsexed); 5.4 cm SL (female)
Environment:  demersal; marine
Distribution:  South Atlantic: South Africa.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 80-86; Anal soft rays: 51-59; Vertebrae: 43-44. The species is characterized by the following: vertebrae 13 + 30-31 = 43-44, dorsal fin rays 80-86, anal fin rays 51-59; snout is terminal to slightly inferior; eye small 1.4-1.6 % SL; pectoral fin length 9.5-9.9 % SL; scales absent on head and body; posterior nostril moderately small, more than half the size of eye; lower preopercular pore 1, small; weak ventral spine on maxilla positioned behind rear of eye; single pair of pseudoclaspers dorsally curved at their distal ends, thin, about half the length of penis (Ref. 57886).
Biology:  A recently caught female specimen from Bird Island, Algoa Bay (SAIAB 70867) was found to be gravid at 54 mm SL with four 20-23 mm SL, fully developed embryos; their preserved coloration is uniformly light brown, slightly darker than their mother (Ref. 57886).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 16 August 2019 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 28.02.07

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